Tropical cyclone rainfall variability in coastal North Carolina derived from longleaf pine (Pinus palustris Mill.): AD 1771–2014

  title={Tropical cyclone rainfall variability in coastal North Carolina derived from longleaf pine (Pinus palustris Mill.): AD 1771–2014},
  author={Paul A Knapp and Justin T. Maxwell and Peter T. Soul{\'e}},
  journal={Climatic Change},
Records of tropical cyclone precipitation (TCP) in the USA typically begin in the mid-20th century and are insufficiently long to fully understand the natural range of TCP variability. In southeastern North Carolina, USA, we use longleaf pine (Pinus palustris Mill.) latewood chronologies from two study sites and a combined chronology as a proxy for TCP during AD 1771–2014 as the latewood growth period of June 1st–October 15th coincides with 93 % of annual TCP. We correlate latewood radial… 

Tropical cyclone precipitation regimes since 1750 and the Great Suppression of 1843–1876 along coastal North Carolina, USA

Latewood ring widths of longleaf pine (Pinus palustris Mill.) are effective recorders of annual variability of tropical cyclone (TC) precipitation (TCP), accounting for approximately half of the

Comparison of climate–growth responses of montane and piedmont longleaf pine (Pinus palustris Mill.) chronologies in North Carolina

Key messageMontane longleaf pine tree-ring chronologies exhibit fidelity to summer soil-moisture conditions. Multi-century climate reconstructions using longleaf pine can provide insights into the

Recording Tropical Cyclone Activity from 1909 to 2014 along the Northern Gulf of Mexico using Maritime Slash Pine Trees (Pinus elliottii var. elliottii Engelm.)

ABSTRACT Tucker, C.S.; Trepanier, J.C.; Harley, G.L., and DeLong, K.L., 2018. Recording Tropical Cyclone Activity from 1909 to 2014 along the Northern Gulf of Mexico using Maritime Slash Pine Trees

Tropical cyclone frequency inferred from intra-annual density fluctuations in longleaf pine in Florida, USA

I present a new method for identifying historic tropical cyclone activity utilizing frequencies of intra-annual density fluctuations in longleaf pine in western Florida. In addition, in this work I

Microelevational Differences Affect Longleaf Pine (Pinus palustris Mill.) Sensitivity to Tropical Cyclone Precipitation: A Case Study Using Lidar

ABSTRACT Latewood ring widths of longleaf pine (Pinus palustris Mill.) growing on Carolina bay sand rims on the coastal plains of North Carolina are effective recorders of tropical cycone

US Gulf Coast tropical cyclone precipitation influenced by volcanism and the North Atlantic subtropical high

Understanding the response of tropical cyclone precipitation to ongoing climate change is essential to determine associated flood risk. However, instrumental records are short-term and fail to

Changes in southeastern USA summer precipitation event types using instrumental (1940–2018) and tree-ring (1790–2018) data

We examined short- and long-term changes in precipitation event types using instrumental (1940–2018) and tree-ring (1790–2018) data from North Carolina, USA. We documented the amount and frequency of

A comparison of the climate response of longleaf pine (Pinus palustris Mill.) trees among standardized measures of earlywood, latewood, adjusted latewood, and totalwood radial growth

Longleaf pine radial growth is primarily driven by late summer moisture availability, latewood and adjusted latewood are more sensitive to climate than either earlywood or totalwood, and there is a

The University of West Florida Campus Ecosystem Study: Age-Diameter and Growth Relationships of Longleaf Pine Using Hurricane-Induced Windthrows

The campus of the University of West Florida was constructed among second-growth longleaf pine (Pinus palustris) stands that survived extensive logging in the Florida Panhandle. Previous studies on



A Tree-Ring Oxygen Isotope Record of Tropical Cyclone Activity, Moisture Stress, and Long-term Climate Oscillations for the Southeastern U.S.

Geological proxies are needed to extend the record of hurricane occurrence beyond historical observations. Tree rings preserve uniquely high resolution and precisely dated records of past

Long-term trends in growth of Pinus palustris and Pinus elliottii along a hydrological gradient in central Florida

Growth of P. elliottii individuals was negatively correlated with increased water availability on sites with a shallow water table but positively correlated on Sites with a deeper water table, and the basal area increment (BAI) of individuals on the drier site was 41% lower than the BAI ofindividuals on the wetter site.

Tropical Cyclone Signals within Tree-Ring Chronologies from Weeks Bay National Estuary and Research Reserve, Alabama

Abstract This study investigates the relationship between tropical cyclones and tree-ring chronologies within a bottomland forest in coastal Alabama. Tree cores were collected from 36 slash pines in

Variations in tropical cyclone precipitation in Texas (1950 to 2009)

Spatial and temporal variations of tropical cyclone precipitation (TCP) in Texas are examined using 60 years of precipitation data from Cooperative Observing Network gages (1950 to 2009). An

The Influence of Atlantic Tropical Cyclones on Drought over the Eastern United States (1980–2007)

AbstractTo assess the influence of Atlantic tropical cyclones (TCs) on the eastern U.S. drought regime, the Variable Infiltration Capacity (VIC) land surface hydrologic model was run over the eastern

Mapping the role of tropical cyclones on the hydroclimate of the southeast United States: 2002–2011

The role of tropical cyclones (TCs) in the water budget of 3211 watersheds in the southeast United States (SE US) over the last decade (2002–2011) is examined in detail at daily and longer

Spatiotemporal Patterns of Drought/Tropical Cyclone Co‐occurrence in the Southeastern USA: Linkages to North Atlantic Climate Variability

Droughts and landfalling tropical cyclones (TCs; tropical depressions, tropical storms, and hurricanes) are important features of the hydroclimate of the southeastern USA at seasonal, interannual,

Tree-ring isotope records of tropical cyclone activity

A 220-year record of oxygen isotope values of α-cellulose in longleaf pine tree rings that preserves anomalously low isotopes in the latewood portion of the ring in years corresponding with known 19th and 20th century landfalling/near-coastal tropical storms and hurricanes is presented.

Patterns of moisture source and climate variability in the southeastern United States: a four-century seasonally resolved tree-ring oxygen-isotope record

This study presents a climate reconstruction utilizing a seasonally resolved 417-year oxygen-isotope record of tree rings from southern Georgia, United States (1580–1997 CE). Oxygen isotopes within