Trophic Cascades, Nutrients, and Lake Productivity: Whole-lake Experiments

  title={Trophic Cascades, Nutrients, and Lake Productivity: Whole-lake Experiments},
  author={Stephen R. Carpenter and Jonathan J. Cole and James Hodgson and James F. Kitchell and Michael L Pace and Darren L. Bade and Kathryn L Cottingham and Timothy E. Essington and Jeffrey N. Houser and Daniel E Schindler}
Responses of zooplankton, pelagic primary producers, planktonic bacteria, and CO2 exchange with the atmosphere were measured in four lakes with contrasting food webs under a range of nutrient enrichments during a seven-year period. Prior to enrichment, food webs were manipulated to create contrasts between piscivore dominance and planktivore dominance. Nutrient enrichments of inorganic nitrogen and phosphorus exhibited ratios of N:P . 17:1, by atoms, to maintain P limitation. An unmanipulated… CONTINUE READING
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