Triton's Geyser-Like Plumes: Discovery and Basic Characterization

@article{Soderblom1990TritonsGP,
  title={Triton's Geyser-Like Plumes: Discovery and Basic Characterization},
  author={Laurence A. Soderblom and Susan W. Kieffer and T. L. Becker and R. Hamilton Brown and Allan F. Cook and C. Hansen and Torrence V. Johnson and Randolph L. Kirk and Eugene Merle Shoemaker},
  journal={Science},
  year={1990},
  volume={250},
  pages={410 - 415}
}
At least four active geyser-like eruptions were discovered in Voyager 2 images of Triton, Neptune's large satellite. The two best documented eruptions occur as columns of dark material rising to an altitude of about 8 kilometers where dark clouds of material are left suspended to drift downwind over 100 kilometers. The radii of the rising columns appear to be in the range of several tens of meters to a kilometer. One model for the mechanism to drive the plumes involves heating of nitrogen ice… 
Triton's Plumes: The Dust Devil Hypothesis
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Assuming that velocity scales as the square root of temperature difference times the height of the mixed layer, a velocity of 20 meters per second is derived for the strongest dust devils on Triton, which is a factor of 103 to 104 less cohesive than those on Earth.
The Role of an Internal Heat Source for the Eruptive Plumes on Triton
Abstract For the first time the role of the internal heat source, due to radioactive decay in Triton's core, is investigated with respect to geyser-like plumes. Triton is one of only three known
Scatterers in Triton's Atmosphere: Implications for the Seasonal Volatile Cycle
TLDR
Triton may have been less red at the time of the Voyager flyby than 12 years earlier due to recent N2 snowfall at a wide range of latitudes.
Energy Sources for Triton's Geyser-Like Plumes
TLDR
Because Triton's southern hemisphere is nearing a maximum summer solstice, insolation as a driver or a trigger for Tritons' geyser-like plumes is an attractive hypothesis and Trapping of solar radiation in a translucent, low-conductivity surface layer (in a solid-state greenhouse) could provide the required energy.
Subsurface Energy Storage and Transport for Solar-Powered Geysers on Triton
TLDR
The location of active geyser-like eruptions and related features close to the current subsolar latitude on Triton suggests a solar energy source for these phenomena and a variety of models for the storage of solar energy in a sub-greenhouse layer and for the supply of gas and energy to a geysers are examined.
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TLDR
Because Triton's southern hemisphere is nearing a maximum summer solstice, insolation as a driver or a trigger for Tritons' geyser-like plumes is an attractive hypothesis and Trapping of solar radiation in a translucent, low-conductivity surface layer (in a solid-state greenhouse) could provide the required energy.
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TLDR
The location of active geyser-like eruptions and related features close to the current subsolar latitude on Triton suggests a solar energy source for these phenomena and a variety of models for the storage of solar energy in a sub-greenhouse layer and for the supply of gas and energy to a geysers are examined.
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