Triton, Pluto, Centaurs, and Trans-Neptunian Bodies

@article{Cruikshank2005TritonPC,
  title={Triton, Pluto, Centaurs, and Trans-Neptunian Bodies},
  author={Dale P. Cruikshank},
  journal={Space Science Reviews},
  year={2005},
  volume={116},
  pages={421-439}
}
The diverse populations of icy bodies of the outer Solar System (OSS) give critical information on the composition and structure of the solar nebula and the early phases of planet formation. The two principal repositories of icy bodies are the Kuiper belt or disk, and the Oort Cloud, both of which are the source regions of the comets. Nearly 1000 individual Kuiper belt objects have been discovered; their dynamical distribution is a clue to the early outward migration and gravitational… 

Structure and Evolution of Kuiper Belt Objects and Dwarf Planets

Kuiper belt objects (KBOs) accreted from a melange of volatile ices, carbonaceous matter, and rock of mixed interstellar and solar nebular provenance. The transneptunian region, where this accretion

Effect of primordial size distributions on the formation of Kuiper-belt binaries

Near-symmetric binaries - i.e., binaries with roughly same-sized partners - appear to dominate the known population of binaries in the Kuiper-belt. Herein the massand size-ratio distributions of

Production of trans-Neptunian binaries through chaos-assisted capture

The recent discovery of binary objects in the Kuiper Belt opens an invaluable window into past and present conditions in the trans-Neptunian part of the Solar System. For example, knowledge of how

Criteria of Possible Habitability of Earthlike Exoplanets

The end of twentieth and the beginning of twenty-first century were marked by the discovery of extrasolar planets that had been awaited for a long time. By the beginning of 2010, their number had

Disk-resolved Photometric Properties of Pluto and the Coloring Materials across its Surface

A multiwavelength regionally dependent photometric analysis of Pluto’s anti-Charon-facing hemisphere using images collected by New Horizons’ Multispectral Visible Imaging Camera (MVIC) reveals large

Millimeter-wave Imaging of the Pluto-Charon System

We present further analysis of all high-resolution observations of the Pluto/Charon system obtained with the Submillimeter Array in order to determine best values of the mean millimeter-band

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 66 REFERENCES

The Surface Compositions of Triton, Pluto, and Charon

Neptune’s satellite Triton, and the planet-satellite binary Pluto and Charon, are the most distant planetary bodies on which ices have been directly detected. Triton and Pluto have very similar

The formation of Kuiper-belt binaries through exchange reactions

The only required assumption is that the TNOs were initially formed through gravitational instabilities in the protoplanetary dust disk, and the basis of the mechanism is an exchange reaction in which a binary whose primary component is much more massive than the secondary interacts with a third body, whose mass is comparable to that of the primary.

Formation of Kuiper-belt binaries by dynamical friction and three-body encounters

It is shown that a transient binary forms when two large bodies penetrate one another's Hill sphere (the region where their mutual forces are larger than the tidal force of the Sun) and the loss of energy needed to stabilize the binary orbit can occur through dynamical friction from surrounding small bodies, or through the gravitational scattering of a third large body.

Neptune and Triton

The first reconnaissance of all the major planets of the Solar System culminated in the Voyager 2 encounter with Neptune in August 1989. Neptune itself was revealed as a planet with gigantic active

From Kuiper Belt Object to Cometary Nucleus: The Missing Ultrared Matter

We combine new and published data to show that the optical color distributions of cometary nuclei and Kuiper belt objects (KBOs) are significantly different. The nuclei are, as a group, bluer than

Search for CO gas in Pluto, Centaurs and Kuiper Belt objects at radio wavelengths

We have searched for several rotational lines of CO in the Pluto-Charon system, Centaurs (Chiron, Pholus, Nessus, Asbolus, Chariklo and 1998 SG35) and Kuiper Belt objects (1994 TB, 1996 TL66, 1996

Pluto's atmosphere

Discovery of the candidate Kuiper belt object 1992 QB1

THE apparent emptiness of the outer Solar System has been a long-standing puzzle for astronomers, as it contrasts markedly with the abundance of asteroids and short-period comets found closer to the

The formation of the Kuiper belt by the outward transport of bodies during Neptune's migration

It is shown that the objects currently observed in the dynamically cold Kuiper belt were most probably formed within ∼35 au and were subsequently pushed outward by Neptune's 1:2 mean motion resonance during its final phase of migration.

The recent expansion of Pluto's atmosphere

Observations at a variety of visible and infrared wavelengths of an occultation of a star by Pluto in August 2002 reveal evidence for extinction in Pluto's atmosphere and show that it has indeed changed, having expanded rather than collapsed, since 1988.
...