Triple-target treatment versus low-frequency electrostimulation for anal incontinence: a randomized, controlled trial.

@article{Schwandner2011TripletargetTV,
  title={Triple-target treatment versus low-frequency electrostimulation for anal incontinence: a randomized, controlled trial.},
  author={Thilo Schwandner and Claudia Hemmelmann and Tankred Heimerl and Walter Kierer and Gerd Kolbert and Reinhard Vonthein and Rolf J. Weinel and Markus Hirschburger and Andreas Ziegler and Winfried Padberg},
  journal={Deutsches Arzteblatt international},
  year={2011},
  volume={108 39},
  pages={
          653-60
        }
}
BACKGROUND In the nonsurgical treatment of anal incontinence, the combination of amplitude-modulated medium-frequency stimulation and electromyographic biofeedback (EMG-BF), known as triple-target treatment (3T), is superior to EMG-BF alone. The aim of this trial is to compare 3T with the standard treatment, low-frequency stimulation (LFS). METHODS 80 patients with anal incontinence of Grade I or higher who presented to physicians or centers specialized in coloproctology were enrolled in this… 

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