Triple-target treatment versus low-frequency electrostimulation for anal incontinence: a randomized, controlled trial.


BACKGROUND In the nonsurgical treatment of anal incontinence, the combination of amplitude-modulated medium-frequency stimulation and electromyographic biofeedback (EMG-BF), known as triple-target treatment (3T), is superior to EMG-BF alone. The aim of this trial is to compare 3T with the standard treatment, low-frequency stimulation (LFS). METHODS 80… (More)
DOI: 10.3238/arztebl.2011.0653


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