Trigger and aperture of the surface detector array of the Pierre Auger Observatory

  title={Trigger and aperture of the surface detector array of the Pierre Auger Observatory},
  author={Jyothish Abraham and Pedro Abreu and Marco Aglietta and C. Aguirre and E. j. Ahn and Denis Allard and Ingomar Allekotte and J. Allen and Jaime Alvarez-Mu{\~n}iz and M. Ambrosio and Luis Alfredo Anchordoqui and Sofia Andringa and A. Anzalone and Carla Aramo and Ernesto Arganda and Stefano Argiro and Katsushi Arisaka and Francesco Arneodo and Fernando Arqueros and Thomas Asch and Hern{\'a}n Asorey and Pedro Assis and Julien Aublin and M. Ave and Gerardo {\'A}vila and T. Backer and D. Badagnani and Kerri Barber and Amanda Fernandes Barbosa and S. L. C. Barroso and B. Baughman and P. Bauleo and James J. Beatty and Tristan Beau and B. R. Becker and K. H. Becker and Arnaud Bell{\'e}toile and J. A. Bellido and Segev BenZvi and Corinne B{\'e}rat and P. Bernardini and Xavier Bertou and P. L. Biermann and Pierre Billoir and O. Blanch-Bigas and Francisco Javier Masa Blanco and Carla Bleve and Harsha Blumer and Martina Boh'avcov'a and Denise Boncioli and C. Bonifazi and Raffaella Bonino and Nataliia Borodai and Jeffrey Brack and Pedro Brogueira and William Christopher Brown and Ronald Bruijn and Peter Buchholz and Antonio Bueno and Ross E. Burton and Nicol'as G. Busca and K. S. Caballero-Mora and Laurentiu Caramete and Roberta Caruso and W. Rodrigues de Carvalho and Antonella Castellina and Osvaldo Catalano and Lorenzo Cazon and Rosanna Cester and J. Chauvin and Andrea Chiavassa and J. A. Chinellato and Aihui Chou and Jiř{\'i} Chudoba and J. Chye and R. W. Clay and E. Colombo and Ruben Conceiccao and Byron Connolly and Fidel Contreras and J. Coppens and Alain Cordier and Umberto Cotti and St{\'e}phane Coutu and Corbin Edward Covault and Alexandre Creusot and Adrienne Criss and James W. Cronin and A. Curutiu and Sylvie Dagoret-Campagne and Richard Dallier and Kai Daumiller and Bruce R. Dawson and Rogerio Menezes de Almeida and M. De Domenico and Cinzia De Donato and S. J. de Jong and Gonzalo de la Vega and W.J.M. de Mello Junior and J. de Mello Neto and Ivan De Mitri and V. de Souza and Krijn D. de Vries and Guillaume Decerprit and L. del Peral and Olivier Deligny and A. Della Selva and C. Delle Fratte and Henrik Dembinski and C. Di Giulio and Johana Chirinos Diaz and Phạm Ngọc Diệp and Carola Dobrigkeit and J. C. D’Olivo and P. N. Dong and Alexei V. Dorofeev and Joao C. dos Anjos and Maria Teresa Dova and D. D’Urso and Ioana Duţan and M. A. Duvernois and Ralph Engel and Martin Erdmann and C. O. Escobar and Alberto Etchegoyen and P. Facal San Luis and Heino Falcke and Glennys R. Farrar and A. C. Fauth and Norberto Fazzini and F. Ferrer and A. Ferrero and B. Fick and Alberto Filevich and Andrej Filipvcivc and Ivor Fleck and Stefan Fliescher and Claudia Fracchiolla and Eric Dani{\"e}l Fraenkel and Walter Fulgione and R. F. Gamarra and Silvia Gambetta and B. Zamorano Garcia and Diego Garc{\'i}a G{\'a}mez and Diego Garc{\'i}a-Pinto and X. Garrido and Graciela B. Gelmini and Hartmut Gemmeke and Piera Luisa Ghia and Ugo Gregorio Giaccari and Maria Giller and H. Glass and Lisa M. Goggin and Michael S. Gold and Geraldina Golup and F A G{\'o}mez Albarrac{\'i}n and Mariano G'omez Berisso and Patr'icia Gonccalves and M. Gonccalves do Amaral and D. Gonzalez and Javier G. Gonzalez and D. G'ora and Alessio Gorgi and Philippe Gouffon and S. R. Gozzini and Eric William Grashorn and S. Grebe and M. Grigat and A. F. Grillo and Yann Guardincerri and Fausto Guarino and G. P. Guedes and Jon Guti{\'e}rrez and J. D. Hague and V. Halenka and Peter Hansen and Diego Harari and S. Harmsma and John L. Harton and Andreas Haungs and M. D. Healy and Thomas Hebbeker and Gema Hebrero and Dieter Heck and Carlos Hojvat and Vicki Holmes and Piotr Homola and Jorg R. Horandel and Andreas Horneffer and Miroslav Hrabovsk'y and Tim Huege and Mozammel Hussain and Marco Iarlori and Antonio Insolia and Florin Ioniţă and Antonio Italiano and Sarka Jiraskova and M. Kaducak and K. H. Kampert and T. Karova and P. H. Kasper and Bal{\'a}zs K{\'e}gl and Bianca Keilhauer and E. Kemp and R. M. Kieckhafer and H. O. Klages and M. Kleifges and Jonny Kleinfeller and R. Knapik and Johannes Knapp and D. H. Koang and Andreas Krieger and Oliver Kromer and Daniel Kruppke-Hansen and Franziska K{\"u}hn and Daniel Kuempel and K. Kulbartz and Norbert Kunka and Alexander Kusenko and Giovanni La Rosa and Cyril Lachaud and Beatriz Leger{\'e}n Lago and Pascal Lautridou and M.S.A.B. Leao and Dominique Lebrun and Paul Lebrun and Jeehiun K Lee and M. de Oliveira and Anne Lemi{\`e}re and Antoine Letessier-Selvon and M. Leuthold and Isabelle Lhenry-Yvon and R. L'opez and Angeles Lopez Aguera and Karim Louedec and J. Lozano Bahilo and Agustin Lucero and Haris Lyberis and M. C. Maccarone and Carla Macolino and Simone Maldera and Du{\vs}an Mand{\'a}t and Paul Matthew Mantsch and A. G. Mariazzi and I. C. Mariş and H. R. Marquez Falcon and Daniele Martello and O. Mart'inez Bravo and H. J. Mathes and J. A. J. Matthews and Giorgio Matthiae and D. Maurizio and Peter Mazur and M. Mcewen and R. R. McNeil and Gustavo Medina-Tanco and M. Melissas and Daniela Melo and Elena Menichetti and Alexander Menshikov and Rishi Meyhandan and M. I. Micheletti and G. Miele and W. Miller and Lino Miramonti and Silvia Mollerach and Maria Monasor and D. Monnier Ragaigne and Franccois Montanet and B. Morales and Christian Morello and Juan Carlos Gonzalez Moreno and C. L. Morris and Miguel Mostafa and C. A. Moura. and Stefan M{\"u}ller and M. A. Muller and Roberto Mussa and Gianni Navarra and Jos{\'e} Luis Navarro and Sergio S{\'a}nchez Navas and Petr Ne{\vc}esal and Lukas Nellen and Catherine Newman-Holmes and D. Newton and P. T. Nhung and Nils Nierstenhoefer and Dave F. Nitz and Dalibor Nosek and Lyberis Novzka and Michal Nykl{\'i}{\vc}ek and J. Oehlschlager and Angela V. Olinto and P. Oliva and V. M. Olmos-Gilbaja and M. Ortiz and Noelia Pacheco and D. Pakk Selmi-Dei and Miroslav Palatka and Juan Pallotta and Gonzalo Parente and Etienne Parizot and Sandra Parlati and Sergio Mayor Pastor and M. Patel and Tarak Paul and Vassiliki Pavlidou and K'evin Payet and Miroslav Pech and Jan Pcekala and I. M. Pepe and Lorenzo Perrone and Roberto Pesce and Emily Petermann and Sergio Petrera and Paolo Petrinca and Alessandro Petrolini and Yu. Petrov and Jovana Petrovi{\'c} and C. G. Pfendner and Ricardo Nestor Piegaia and Tanguy Pierog and M{\'a}rio Pimenta and T. Pinto and Valerio Pirronello and O. Pisanti and M. Platino and Jonathan Pochon and V. H. Ponce and Martin Pontz and Paolo Privitera and Michael Prouza and E. J. Quel and Julian Rautenberg and Olivier Ravel and Diego Ravignani and Alexandre Redondo and B. Revenu and F. A. S. Rezende and Jan Ř{\'i}dk{\'y} and Simone Riggi and M. Risse and Colas Rivi{\`e}re and Vincenzo Rizi and Christian Robledo and Gustavo Rodr{\'i}guez and Julio Rodr{\'i}guez Martino and Jorge Rub'en Rodriguez Rojo and I. Rodr{\'i}guez-Cabo and Mar{\'i}a Dolores Rodr{\'i}guez-Fr{\'i}as and Garc{\'i}a Ros and Jaime Rosado and T. Rossler and Markus Roth and B. Rouill'e-d'Orfeuil and Esteban Roulet and Adrian C. Rovero and Francesco Salamida and H. Salazar and Gaetano Salina and Fabio Sanchez and Marcos Santander and C. E. Santo and Edson M. Santos and Fred Sarazin and Subir Sarkar and Ryota Sato and Nadja Scharf and Viviana Scherini and H. Schieler and P. Schiffer and Alexander Schmidt and Fabrice Schmidt and Torsten Schmidt and Olaf Scholten and Harm Schoorlemmer and Jaroslava Schovancova and Petr Schov'anek and Frederic Schroeder and Sean Schulte and Fabian Schussler and Dominik Schuster and S. J. Sciutto and M. Scuderi and Alberto Segreto and D. Semikoz and Mariangela Settimo and Ronald Cintra Shellard and Iv'an Sidelnik and Beatriz B. Siffert and Guenter Sigl and Andrzej Smialkowski and Radom'ir vSm'ida and Ben E. Smith and Gregory R Snow and P. K. Sommers and J. N. Sorokin and H. M. Spinka and Ruben Squartini and E. Strazzeri and Anne Stutz and F. Suarez and Tiina Suomijarvi and A. D. Supanitsky and Michael S. Sutherland and Jd Swain and Zbigniew Szadkowski and A. Tamashiro and A. Tamburro and T. Tarutina and O. Tacscuau and Rodica Tcaciuc and Denis Tcherniakhovski and Domenico Tegolo and Nguyen Thi Thao and David William Thomas and Rolando Ticona and Javier Tiffenberg and C. Timmermans and Wieslaw Tkaczyk and Carlos Jose Todero Peixoto and Bernardo Tom{\'e} and Aurelio S. Tonachini and I. Torres and Petr Tr{\'a}vn{\'i}{\vc}ek and Diogo Bernardes Tridapalli and Geoff Tristram and Emanuela Trovato and Mat'ias Tueros and Ralf Ulrich and Michael L. Unger and Martin Urban and Jose F Vald'es Galicia and In{\'e}s Vali{\~n}o and Laura Valore and A. M. van den Berg and J. R. V'azquez and Ricardo A. Vazquez and Darko Veberivc and A. Velarde and Travis Venters and Valerio Verzi and M. Videla and Luis Villase{\~n}or and Serguei Vorobiov and Lou Voyvodic and Hernan Wahlberg and P. Wahrlich and O. Wainberg and D. Warner and A. A. Watson and Stefan Westerhoff and B. J. Whelan and Gabriele Wieczorek and Lawrence Wiencke and Barbara Wilczynska and Henryk Wilczynski and C. Wileman and M. G. Winnick and H. Wu and Brian Wundheiler and T. Yamamoto and Patrick William Younk and G. Yuan and Alexey Yushkov and Enrique Zas and Danilo Zavrtanik and Marko Zavrtanik and Ingyin Zaw and Arnulfo Zepeda and Michael Ziolkowski},
  • Jyothish Abraham, Pedro Abreu, +469 authors Michael Ziolkowski
  • Published 2010
  • Physics
  • The surface detector array of the Pierre Auger Observatory consists of 1600 water-Cherenkov detectors, for the study of extensive air showers (EAS) generated by ultra-high-energy cosmic rays. We describe the trigger hierarchy, from the identification of candidate showers at the level of a single detector, amongst a large background (mainly random single cosmic ray muons), up to the selection of real events and the rejection of random coincidences. Such trigger makes the surface detector array… CONTINUE READING

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