Trichuris and hookworm infections associated with anaemia during pregnancy

  title={Trichuris and hookworm infections associated with anaemia during pregnancy},
  author={Theresa W Gyorkos and Nicolas L Gilbert and Ren{\'e}e Larocque and Martin Casapia},
  journal={Tropical Medicine \& International Health},
Objective  To assess the following associations between the second and third trimesters of pregnancy: (i) the intensity of soil‐transmitted helminth (STH) infection and haemoglobin/anaemia, (ii) the effect of mebendazole treatment on the occurrence of STH infection, and (iii) the effect of mebendazole treatment on haemoglobin/anaemia. 

Soil-Transmitted Helminths and Anaemia: A Neglected Association Outside the Tropics

A general review on the epidemiology, lifecycle, and clinical spectrum of anaemia is proposed, with a special focus on helminthic infections’ association with anaemia as well as the diagnostic approach, which are both particularly important in non-endemic settings.

Update on Prevention and Treatment of Intestinal Helminth Infections

The limitations of MDA are outlined, including poor cure rates against hookworm and Trichuris trichiura, rapid post-MDA reinfection, and inadequate coverage of at-risk populations.

Antihelminthics in pregnancy and maternal, newborn and child health.

Results from observational studies suggest a potential benefit on maternal anaemia, birthweight and infant mortality, and further trials examining the effect of antihelminthics starting in the second trimester of pregnancy in poor, STH-endemic regions with high rates of anaemia are needed.

Re-Visiting Trichuris trichiura Intensity Thresholds Based on Anemia during Pregnancy

Support is provided for categorizing a T. trichiura infection ≥1,000 epg as ‘moderate’, as currently defined by the World Health Organization, which provides support for evidence-based deworming strategies targeting pregnant women or populations where anemia is of concern.

Epidemiology of soil-transmitted helminths and Schistosoma mansoni: a base-line survey among school children, Ejaji, Ethiopia.

The burden of STHs and S. mansoni was high among the school children and Deworming intervention should be strengthened, along with awareness creation on proper disposal of human excreta and personal hygiene.

Soil-Transmitted Helminth Infections and Nutritional Status in School-age Children from Rural Communities in Honduras

STH infections remain a public health concern in Honduras and despite current efforts were highly prevalent in the studied community and the role of multiparasite STH infections in undermining children's nutritional status warrants more research.

Burden of soil-transmitted helminth infection in pregnant refugees and migrants on the Thailand-Myanmar border: Results from a retrospective cohort

Assessment of records from pregnant refugee and migrant women who attended Shoklo Malaria Research Unit antenatal care clinics along the Thailand-Myanmar border between July 2013 and December 2017 highlights the importance of early detection and treatment of STH infection.



Impact of hookworm infection and deworming on anaemia in non-pregnant populations: a systematic review

Age‐ and intensity‐stratified associations between human hookworm infection and anaemia in non‐pregnant populations are summarized and the impact of treatment with the benzimidazoles, albendazole and meb endazole is quantified.

Hookworm infection in pregnancy.

Impact of intestinal helminth infection on anemia and iron status during pregnancy: a community based study in Indonesia.

It is concluded that hookworm infection can interfere iron stores and anthelminthic therapy could be given to infected women before conception as public health strategy to improve iron status.

Associations between mild-to-moderate anaemia in pregnancy and helminth, malaria and HIV infection in Entebbe, Uganda

Relationship between intensity of soil-transmitted helminth infections and anemia during pregnancy.

The results support routine anthelminthic treatment within prenatal care programs in highly endemic areas of Peru and suggest a direct relationship exists between the intensity of hookworm infection and blood loss.

Hookworm-Related Anaemia among Pregnant Women: A Systematic Review

Evidence indicates that increasing hookworm infection intensity is associated with lower haemoglobin levels in pregnant women in poor countries and efforts should be made to increase the coverage of anthelmintic treatment among pregnant women.

Haemoglobin concentrations and concomitant infections of hookworm and Trichuris trichiura in Panamanian primary schoolchildren.

Soil-transmitted helminth infections: ascariasis, trichuriasis, and hookworm

Malaria and hookworm infections in relation to haemoglobin and serum ferritin levels in pregnancy in Masindi district, western Uganda.