Triboelectricity in Polymers

@article{Henniker1962TriboelectricityIP,
  title={Triboelectricity in Polymers},
  author={J. C. Henniker},
  journal={Nature},
  year={1962},
  volume={196},
  pages={474-474}
}
  • J. Henniker
  • Published 1 November 1962
  • Materials Science
  • Nature
IT must be emphasized that the reality of a triboelectric series implies a single determinant property acting at both donor and acceptor surfaces. An ‘abundance effect’1, if real, may be a cause of minor anomalies, but it cannot be dominant since metals, which may be inserted in the series, contain incomparably more conduction electrons than do insulators. The Frenkel mechanism2 of thermal excitation alone is inadequate, since pyrolysis would occur, in the 100 µsec suggested by Frenkel, below… Expand
Friction, tribochemistry and triboelectricity: recent progress and perspectives
Production of electricity by friction is well known but poorly understood, and is the source of electrostatic discharge causing serious accidents. Recent results are in agreement with one of theExpand
Effect of Polymer Structure on its Triboelectric Properties
An experimental procedure is reported for the determination of the triboelectric charging of polymer films, which has sufficient precision to allow systematic observations of the variations of chargeExpand
Tribocharging and the Triboelectric Series
Tribocharging is a process in which materials contact one another, rub, and then separate, each with a resulting charge distribution. This process is familiar and applied extensively in processesExpand
Anisotropy of the triboelectric effects in polymeric slabs
Abstract The paper contributes to the understanding of triboelectric charging mechanisms. It brings evidence of the fact that in polymer slabs this effect may present significant direction dependenceExpand
Probing Contact Electrification: A Cohesively Sticky Problem.
TLDR
This discussion clearly shows that material transfer must be accounted for when discussing the source of charge generated by polymeric mechanical energy harvesters, and a correlated physical property to understand the triboelectric series is provided. Expand
Poly(dimethylsiloxane) for Triboelectricity: From Mechanisms to Practical Strategies
The triboelectric effect (TE), simply described as the generation of electricity from tribology or friction, has been known for over 1500 years. TE arises from charge transfer between surfaces underExpand
Quantifying and understanding the triboelectric series of inorganic non-metallic materials
TLDR
A quantitative database of the triboelectric charge density and band structure of many inorganic materials is presented, verifying that contact electrification between solids is an electron quantum transition effect under ambient conditions. Expand
A semi-quantitative tribo-electric series for polymeric materials: the influence of chemical structure and properties
A semi-quantitative tribo-charging series that includes a wide range of synthetic and natural polymers was constructed by combining four qualitative triboelectric series from literature reports plusExpand
Humidity transforms immobile surface charges into mobile charges during triboelectric charging.
TLDR
Results show that a single bond break, which is more likely than a pair of co-located bond breaks, can then create tethered polymer fragments that in humidity will generate mobile H+ or OH- charge carriers for triboelectric charging. Expand
Squeezing out hydrated protons: low-frictional-energy triboelectric insulator charging on a microscopic scale
Though triboelectric charging of insulators is common, neither its mechanism nor the nature of the charge is well known. Most research has focused on the integral amount of charge transferred betweenExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-3 OF 3 REFERENCES
Triboelectricity and Electron Traps in Insulating Materials: Some Correlations
THE contact electrification between metals has been explained by Harper1 in terms of electron transfer due to the difference of work function of the metals, but the frictional charge on insulatingExpand
Charge Transfer Upon Contact Between Metals and Insulators
The equilibrium charge distribution between substances in contact is calculated in the one-dimensional approximation for metal-insulstor and insulator-insulator contacts. The direction of chargeExpand