Tribes and Tribulations: Bedouin Losses in the Saudi and Iraqi Struggles Over Kuwait's Frontiers, 1921–1943

  title={Tribes and Tribulations: Bedouin Losses in the Saudi and Iraqi Struggles Over Kuwait's Frontiers, 1921–1943},
  author={A. B. Toth},
  journal={British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies},
  pages={145 - 167}
  • A. B. Toth
  • Published 2005
  • History
  • British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies
In the years following World War One the pastoral populations of northern Arabia were subjected to political pressures and economic hardships arising from the creation of French and British spheres of influence in the territories that would become the states of Jordan, Syria and Iraq, and by the aggressive expansion of the domains of the ruler of Najd, ‘Abd al-‘Aziz ibn ‘Abd al-Rahman Al Saud. Year by year the nascent states in the region asserted more control over the vast stretches of desert… Expand
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Smuggling had a significant impact both on the border question and on Kuwait-Iraq relations more generally during the
  • 1930
15/1/531, Dickson to Political Resident
  • Bushire
15/1/534, Political Agent, Kuwait, to Political Resident
  • Bushire
Murshid al-Shammar, counted at least seven incursions by Iraqi desert police in just the first two weeks of May 1934. IOR R/15/1/531, Dickson to Political Resident
  • One bedouin
Translation of a letter from the Ruler of Kuwait to the Political Agent
  • Watts, Political Agent, Kuwait, to Political Resident