Triarchic conceptualization of psychopathy: Developmental origins of disinhibition, boldness, and meanness

  title={Triarchic conceptualization of psychopathy: Developmental origins of disinhibition, boldness, and meanness},
  author={Christopher J. Patrick and Don Fowles and Robert Frank Krueger},
  journal={Development and Psychopathology},
  pages={913 - 938}
Abstract The clinical concept of psychopathy (“psychopathic personality”) is generally considered to entail persistent behavioral deviancy in the company of emotional–interpersonal detachment. However, longstanding debates continue regarding the appropriate scope and boundaries of the concept. Here, we review alternative historic descriptions of the disorder together with empirical findings for the best-established assessment instruments in use with adolescents and youth as a basis for… 
Associations among the triarchic psychopathic constructs, five-factor model of personality, narcissism, disinhibition, and substance use in college students
The term “psychopathy” has had a controversial past with varying conceptualizations and definitions. Presently, psychopathy is “considered to entail persistent behavioral deviancy in the company of
Triarchic Model of Psychopathy: Origins, Operationalizations, and Observed Linkages with Personality and General Psychopathology.
The bases of the triarchic model in the conceptual and empirical literatures on psychopathy are summarized, and linkages between the constructs of the model and established structural frameworks for personality and psychological disorders are described.
Conceptualizing Psychopathy in Triarchic Terms: Implications for Treatment
How specific neurobiologically-informed interventions might be developed to address distinct symptomatic components of psychopathy is described, focusing on feedback-based response modification and attentional retraining approaches as examples.
Differentiating psychopathy from antisocial personality disorder: a triarchic model perspective
It is found that boldness contributed incrementally (over and above disinhibition and meanness) to prediction of PCL-R psychopathy, in particular its interpersonal style component, but not ASPD.
Validation of the Greek Cypriot Translation of the Triarchic Psychopathy Measure
Findings indicate that the Greek-Cypriot translation of the TriPM effectively assesses the constructs of the triarchic model and extend what the authors know about their empirical correlates.
Examining the incremental and interactive effects of boldness with meanness and disinhibition within the triarchic model of psychopathy.
The findings suggest that Boldness might not be a central construct in the definition of psychopathic personality disorder, and implications for the 5th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders are discussed.
Not Just for Adults: Using the Triarchic Model of Psychopathy to Inform Developmental Models of Conduct Problems in Adolescence
  • C. Sica, Enrica Ciucci, A. Baroncelli, P. Frick, C. Patrick
  • Psychology
    Journal of clinical child and adolescent psychology : the official journal for the Society of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, American Psychological Association, Division 53
  • 2019
The disinhibition dimension of the triarchic model was related most highly to general externalizing outcomes, such as conduct problems and hyperactivity-inattention, in this adolescent sample of Italian adolescents.
The role of fearless dominance in psychopathy: confusions, controversies, and clarifications.
It is demonstrated that Miller and Lynam's assertions that PPI-FD exhibits weak construct validity are sharply at odds with evidence that well-validated psychopathy measures detect both secondary and primary subtypes, and are inconsistent with most classic clinical descriptions of psychopathy.


Psychopathy and negative emotionality: analyses of suppressor effects reveal distinct relations with emotional distress, fearfulness, and anger-hostility.
The results demonstrate that suppressor effects can reconcile the centrality of NEM in classic descriptions of psychopathy with empirical investigations using the PCL-R.
Handbook of Psychopathy
Part I: Theoretical and Empirical Foundations. Lykken, Psychopathic Personality: The Scope of the Problem. Fowles, Dindo, A Dual-Deficit Model of Psychopathy. Blackburn, Other Theoretical Models of
Refining the construct of psychopathy: towards a hierarchical model.
A review of the literature on the Psychopathy Checklist--Revised and related measures of psychopathy, together with confirmatory factor analysis of PCL-R data from North American participants, indicates that the 2-factor model cannot be sustained.
Relations between psychopathy facets and externalizing in a criminal offender sample.
Results indicate that the social deviance factor of Hare's Psychopathy Checklist-Revised reflects the externalizing dimension of psychopathology, whereas the emotional-interpersonal component taps something distinct aside from externalizing.
Psychopathy and Aggression.
Psychopathy is a personality disorder charaeterized by a major affective deficit accompanied by a disregard for the rights of others and for societal rules in generaI (e.g., Hare, 1996). As defined
Applicability of traditional and revised models of psychopathy to the Psychopathy Checklist: screening version.
Although the revised model's exclusion of some items that assess antisocial behavior reduces the PCL:SV's power in predicting patient violence, this model arguably assesses psychopathy in a more specific, theoretically coherent fashion that may reduce misapplications of the construct.
Disinhibitory psychopathology: a new perspective and a model for research.
The syndrome produced by lesion of the septum in animals can serve as a functional research model of human disinhibitory psychopathology and a program of experimentati on utilizing this animal model is outlined.
Pursuing the psychopath: capturing the fledgling psychopath in a nomological net.
  • D. Lynam
  • Psychology
    Journal of abnormal psychology
  • 1997
It is suggested that psychopathy has a childhood manifestation that can be measured reliably and provided incremental validity in predicting serious stable antisocial behavior in adolescence over and above other known predictors and one other classification approach.
Criterion-Related Validity of the Three-Factor Model of Psychopathy
The validity of this newer three-factor model of the PCL-R factors with reference to external criteria from the domains of personality, antisocial behavior, and adaptive functioning is evaluated in a sample of 310 incarcerated offenders to support the convergent and discriminant validity of these psychopathy facets.
Two subtypes of psychopathic violent offenders that parallel primary and secondary variants.
Whether psychopathy phenotypically may be disaggregated into such types in a sample of 367 prison inmates convicted of violent crimes is investigated and 2 psychopathic variants manifested a theoretically coherent pattern of differences are discussed.