Trends in the incidence of cancer in Kampala, Uganda 1991–2010

  title={Trends in the incidence of cancer in Kampala, Uganda 1991–2010},
  author={Henry Wabinga and Sarah Nambooze and Phoebe Mary Amulen and Catherine Okello and Louise Ngo Mbus and Donald Maxwell Parkin},
  journal={International Journal of Cancer},
The Kampala cancer registry is the longest established in Africa. [] Key Result In the 1960s cancer of the oesophagus was the most common cancer of men (and second in women), and incidence in the last 20 years has not declined. Cancer of the cervix, always the most frequent cancer of women, has shown an increase over the period (1.8% per year), although the rates appear to have declined in the last 4 years.

Trends in the incidence of cancer in Kampala, Uganda, 1991 to 2015

The trends reflect the changing lifestyles of this urban African population, as well as the consequences of the epidemic of HIV/AIDS and the availability of treatment with ARVs, and highlights the fact that the decreases in cancer of the cervix observed in high and upper‐middle income countries are not a consequence of changes in lifestyle, but demand active intervention through screening (and, in the longer term, vaccination).

Changes in the Incidence of Cancer in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe over a 50-Year Period

There were declines in the rates of those cancers previously known to be common in East and Southern Africa (esophagus, liver, bladder), and the emergence of cancers associated with “westernization” of lifestyles (breast, prostate, large bowel), as well as unexpected findings meriting further investigation.

Trends in cervical cancer incidence in sub-Saharan Africa

Overall, cervical cancer incidence has been increasing in SSA and the current high-level advocacy to reduce the burden of cervical cancer needs to be translated into support for prevention (vaccination against human papillomavirus and population-wide screening), with careful monitoring of results through population-based registries.

Trends in Cervix Cancer Incidence in Sub-Saharan Africa

  • Medicine
  • 2020
The current high-level advocacy to reduce the burden of cervix cancer in SSA needs to be translated into support for prevention (vaccination against Human Papilloma Virus and population-wide screening), with careful monitoring of results through population-based registries.

Trends in cancer incidence in rural Eastern Cape Province; South Africa, 1998–2012

There are few cancer trend data reported in sub‐Saharan Africa notably due to the scarcity of population‐based cancer registries (PBCRs). The Eastern Cape Province PBCR is amongst the few registries

Temporal trends in the epidemiology of cervical cancer in South Africa (1994–2012)

There were minimal changes in overall epidemiology of CC in SA but there were increased CC rates among young women and ethnic disparities in CC burden, which requires a review of the CC national policy and directed CC prevention and treatment.

Incidence of cancer in Nairobi, Kenya (2004–2008)

Although incidence rates cannot be calculated for the early years of the registry, the increase in relative frequency of prostate cancer and declines in frequency of Kaposi sarcoma may indicate underlying trends in the risk of these cancers.

Cancers of the young population in Brunei Darussalam.

Cancers of the young (<40 years) accounted for almost a fifth of all cancers in Brunei Darussalam with certain organ systems more strongly affected with selective screening programs should nevertheless be considered.

Use of a Population Based Cancer Registry to Monitor Trends of Incidence of Childhood and Adolescent Cancers in Kampala, Uganda

The incidence of cancer among children and adolescents in Kyadondo County, Uganda from 2009 to 2014 was described using a population based cancer registry which is necessary for planning of cancer control programs.



Changing cancer incidence in Kampala, Uganda, 1991–2006

There has been an overall increase in the risk of cancer during the period in both sexes, with the incidence rates of cancers of the breast and prostate showing particularly marked increases.

Trends in the incidence of cancer in the black population of Harare, Zimbabwe 1991–2010

Cancer control in Zimbabwe, as elsewhere in sub‐Saharan Africa, involves meeting the challenge of emerging cancers associated with westernization of lifestyles (large bowel, breast and prostate), while the incidence of cancersassociated with poverty and infection shows little decline, and the residual burden of the AIDS‐associated cancers remains significant.

Trends in cancer incidence in Kyadondo County, Uganda, 1960–1997

Cancer control in Uganda, as elsewhere in sub-Saharan Africa, faces a threefold challenge: with little improvement in the incidence of cancers associated with infection and poverty (liver, cervix, oesophagus), it must face the burden of AIDS-associated cancers, while coping with the emergence of cancersassociated with Westernization of lifestyles (large bowel, breast and prostate).

Cancer burden in Africa and opportunities for prevention

The current patterns of cancer in Africa are reviewed and the opportunities for reducing the burden through the application of resource level interventions, including implementation of vaccinations for liver and cervical cancers, tobacco control policies for smoking‐related cancers, and low‐tech early detection methods for cervical cancer are reviewed.

Completeness in an African cancer registry

This is the first objective measurement of completeness of cancer registration in Africa, and it gives reassurance that published incidence rates are reasonably accurate (provided that there is not an insistence on the very latest results).

Highly active antiretroviral therapy and incidence of cancer in human immunodeficiency virus-infected adults.

  • Johnson
  • Medicine
    Journal of the National Cancer Institute
  • 2000
Since the widespread use of HAART, there have been substantial reductions in the incidence Kaposi's sarcoma and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in HIV-infected people but, so far, no substantial change in the occurrence of other cancers.

Helicobacter pylori and cancer among adults in Uganda

The prevalence of H. pylori reported here is broadly in accord with results from other developing countries, although the determinants of infection and its' role in the aetiology of gastric cancer in Uganda remain unclear.

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma in Uganda: a case–control study

In adults, the risk associated with HIV was much lower in Uganda than in western countries, possibly because of the poor survival of immunosuppressed HIV-positive individuals.