Trends in Medial Ulnar Collateral Ligament Reconstruction in the United States

@article{Erickson2015TrendsIM,
  title={Trends in Medial Ulnar Collateral Ligament Reconstruction in the United States},
  author={Brandon J. Erickson and Benedict U. Nwachukwu and Samuel Rosas and William W. Schairer and Frank M. McCormick and Bernard R. Bach and Charles A. Bush-Joseph and Anthony A. Romeo},
  journal={The American Journal of Sports Medicine},
  year={2015},
  volume={43},
  pages={1770 - 1774}
}
Background: Overuse injuries to the elbow in the throwing athlete are common. Ulnar collateral ligament reconstruction (UCLR), commonly known as Tommy John surgery, is performed on both recreational and high-level athletes. There is no current literature regarding the incidence and demographic distribution of this surgical procedure in relation to patient age, location within the Unites States, and sex. Purpose: To determine the current demographic distribution of UCLR within the US population… 
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References

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TLDR
The docking technique results in favorable clinical outcomes in adolescent athletes with UCL insufficiency at a minimum of 2 years postoperatively, and adolescent gymnasts and javelin throwers may be at an increased risk for transient paresthesia of the ulnar nerve caused by increased stress on the medial elbow.
Outcome of Ulnar Collateral Ligament Reconstruction of the Elbow in 1281 Athletes
TLDR
Ulnar collateral ligament reconstruction with subcutaneous ulnar nerve transposition was found to be effective in correcting valgus elbow instability in the overhead athlete and allowed most athletes to return to previous or higher level of competition in less than 1 year.
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TLDR
The incidence of ACLR increased between 1994 and 2006, particularly in females as well as those younger than 20 years and those 40 years or older, and the most common concomitant procedures were partial meniscectomy and chondroplasty.
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TLDR
Reconstruction of the ulnar collateral ligament, with transposition and stabilization of the Ulnar nerve and appropriate rehabilitation, was found to be effective in correcting medial instability of the elbow and allowed most athletes to return to previous levels of play in less than 1 year.
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TLDR
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TLDR
Reconstruction of the ulnar collateral ligament using a free tendon graft was performed on sixteen athletes who participated in sports that involved throwing, and all had valgus instability of the elbow.
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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