Trends and Related Factors of Cannabis-Associated Emergency Department Visits in the United States: 2006-2014.

@article{Shen2019TrendsAR,
  title={Trends and Related Factors of Cannabis-Associated Emergency Department Visits in the United States: 2006-2014.},
  author={Jay J. Shen and Guogen Shan and Pearl Kim and Ji Won Yoo and Carolee Dodge-Francis and Yongjae Lee},
  journal={Journal of Addiction Medicine},
  year={2019}
}
OBJECTIVES To examine national trends and contributing factors of cannabis-associated emergency department visits in the United States. METHODS This pooled serial cross-sectional study used a hierarchical multivariable analysis on emergency department visit adjusting for year, patient and hospital characteristics. We analyzed 2006 to 2014 National Emergency Department Sample data that identified cannabis-associated emergency department visits among patients aged 12 years or older (n = 265,128… 
Cannabis-related emergency department visits by youths and their outcomes in Ontario: a trend analysis
TLDR
Rates of cannabis-related emergency department visit by youths aged 10–24 years increased almost fivefold from 2003 to 2017, with increases in visit severity and hospital admissions, describing an emerging public health problem.
Changes in Rates of Hospitalizations due to Cannabis Harms in Ontario, Canada Before the Legalization of Nonmedical Cannabis: Retrospective Population-level Study Between 2003 and 2017
TLDR
Young women aged 15 to 24 are a key demographic that is disproportionately burdened with a rapid increase in hospitalizations due to cannabis harms, and Jurisdictions considering new approaches to cannabis control policy and addiction services should consider the rising burden of harms faced by youth and young adults when planning interventions.
Trends and age-related characteristics of substance use in the hospitalized homeless population
TLDR
Homeless status is associated with high risks of substance use among hospitalized patients and homeless elderly are particularly vulnerable to use of hard drugs including cocaine and heroin during the opioid epidemics.
When Cannabis Use Goes Wrong: Mental Health Side Effects of Cannabis Use That Present to Emergency Services
TLDR
This narrative review will discuss what is currently known about cannabis-related mental illness presentations to the ED, discussing risk variables and outcomes both prior to and after legalization, including the experiences following cannabis legalization in Canada.
The emergency department care of the cannabis and synthetic cannabinoid patient: a narrative review
TLDR
As cannabis becomes more widely available with the adoption of state medical cannabis laws, ED-related cannabis visits will likely rise, and physicians will become more vigilant about recognizing and treating some new cannabis-related life-threatening conditions.
School of Public Health 7-1-2019 Dissociation Between the Growing Opioid Demands and Drug Policy Directions Among the U . S . Older Adults with Degenerative Joint Diseases
TLDR
Marijuana legalizationmight have played a role of gateway drug to opioid among seniors in the nation and states of Oregon and Washington where marijuana legalization was accepted earlier than any others.
Dissociation between the growing opioid demands and drug policy directions among the U.S. older adults with degenerative joint diseases
TLDR
Orthopedic operations and opioid-related hospital stays among seniors increased over time in the U.S. and marijuana legalization might have played a role of gateway drug to opioid among seniors.
EVIDENCE-BASED APPROACH TO DRUG CRISIS
TLDR
The findings suggest that both medical and recreational marijuana laws have the potential to reduce opioid prescribing in the privatelyinsured population, especially for the middle-aged population and pain patients.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 42 REFERENCES
Trends and Correlates of Cannabis-involved Emergency Department Visits: 2004 to 2011
TLDR
A notable increase in the ED visit numbers and rates for both the use of cannabis-only and cannabis-polydrug during the studied period is suggested, particularly among young people and non-Hispanic blacks.
Emergency Visits for Prescription Opioid Poisonings.
Visiting the emergency department for dental problems: trends in utilization, 2001 to 2008.
TLDR
There is an increasing trend in ED visits for dental issues, which was most pronounced among those aged 18 to 44 years, the uninsured, and Blacks, which suggests that community access to dental care compared with medical care is worsening over time.
National Study of Health Insurance Type and Reasons for Emergency Department Use
TLDR
Variability in reasons for seeking ED care among discharged patients by health insurance type may be driven more by lack of access to alternate care, rather than by differences in patient-perceived acuity.
Cannabis Use and Risk of Psychiatric Disorders: Prospective Evidence From a US National Longitudinal Study.
TLDR
Within the general population, cannabis use is associated with an increased risk for several substance use disorders and Physicians and policy makers should take these associations of cannabis use under careful consideration.
Recreational Cannabis Legalization and Opioid-Related Deaths in Colorado, 2000-2015
TLDR
Colorado’s legalization of recreational cannabis sales and use resulted in a 0.7 deaths per month reduction, which represents a reversal of the upward trend in opioid-related deaths in Colorado.
Effects of the 2009 Medical Cannabinoid Legalization Policy on Hospital Use for Cannabinoid Dependency and Persistent Vomiting
  • Mustafa Al-Shammari, Karina Herrera, J. Yoo
  • Medicine
    Clinical gastroenterology and hepatology : the official clinical practice journal of the American Gastroenterological Association
  • 2017
Opioid Abuse And Poisoning: Trends In Inpatient And Emergency Department Discharges.
TLDR
Inpatient and emergency department discharges for opioid abuse, dependence, and poisoning increased overall across the study period, but a decline was observed for prescription opioid-related discharges beginning in 2010, while a sharp increase in heroin- related discharges began in 2008.
...
...