Tree invasion of a montane meadow complex : temporal trends , spatial patterns , and biotic interactions

@inproceedings{Halpern2010TreeIO,
  title={Tree invasion of a montane meadow complex : temporal trends , spatial patterns , and biotic interactions},
  author={Charles B. Halpern and Joseph A. Antos and Janine M. Rice and Ryan D. Haugo and N. Lang},
  year={2010}
}
Questions: Do spatial and temporal patterns of encroachment of Pinus contorta and Abies grandis in a montane meadow suggest strong biotic controls on the invasion process? Location: Forest–meadow mosaic, 1350m a.s.l., Cascade Range, Oregon, US. Methods: We combined spatial point pattern analysis, population age structures, and a time-series of stem maps to quantify spatial and temporal patterns of conifer invasion over a 200-yr period in three plots totaling 4 ha. Results: Trees established… CONTINUE READING
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