Tree Branch Angle: Maximizing Effective Leaf Area

@article{Honda1978TreeBA,
  title={Tree Branch Angle: Maximizing Effective Leaf Area},
  author={H. Honda and J. Fisher},
  journal={Science},
  year={1978},
  volume={199},
  pages={888 - 890}
}
In a computer simulation of branching pattern and leaf cluster in Terminalia catappa, right and left branch angles were varied, and the effective leaf surface areas were calculated. Theoretical branch angles that result in maximum effective leaf area are close to the values observed in nature. 
BRANCH GEOMETRY AND EFFECTIVE LEAF AREA: A STUDY OF TERMINALIA‐BRANCHING PATTERN. 2. SURVEY OF REAL TREES
TLDR
It is concluded that observed branching angles optimize effective area in many species (as predicted by the T. catappa model) and this demonstration of the optimization of a structural parameter for an obviously important biophysical feature, interception of light, is significant for the study of adaptive tree geometry. Expand
BRANCH GEOMETRY AND EFFECTIVE LEAF AREA: A STUDY OF TERMINAUA‐BRANCHING PATTERN. 1. THEORETICAL TREES
TLDR
It is concluded that the observed branching angles and number of branches in a tier of this species optimize light interception within constraints of a fixed pattern of branching, one that is widespread among tropical trees. Expand
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The architectural groups differ in branch geometry in common environments, but also exhibit plasticity in response to light, as measured by dimensions and angles of branches on saplings in rain forests of NE Australia and Central America. Expand
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THE ROLE OF BRANCH LENGTH AND ANGLE IN BRANCHING PATTERN OF FOREST SHRUBS ALONG A SUCCESSIONAL GRADIENT
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SUMMARY Leaf display features and biomass allocation were investigated in four dominant shrubs of forest and old-field habitats in central New Jersey, USA, to determine whether differences existExpand
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References

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Terminalia-branching, a distinctive form of architecture found in many tropical trees, is described using a theoretical mathematical model. Real parameters and rules for bifurcations derived fromExpand
Sizes and Shapes of Liane Leaves
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Two evolutionary models to account for ecological patterns in the size and shape of vine leaves are developed, which predict large, cordate-based leaves with long petioles are favored in sunny situations, while small, narrow-based Leaves with short petiole areavored in more shady environments. Expand
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Extinction coefficients, calculated for solar radiation, showed large changes with height in the canopy, indicating that the assumptions made in applying the Bouguer-Lambert law to energy relations in a soybean canopy are not valid. Expand
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  • H. Honda
  • Mathematics, Medicine
  • Journal of theoretical biology
  • 1971
TLDR
An attempt was made to describe the multifarious form of erect trees by a few parameters that had a relationship to the problems of the morphogenetic process in living organisms and, in general, of the pattern-generation by generation rules. Expand
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Rather than review the ample and expanding literature of succession, as Drury & Nisbet (12) have lately and nobly done, I propose to cover some recent developments in population biology that haveExpand
References and Note
    The leaf bases are inserted upon the erect distal end of the branch unit at 50' to 60°from the vertical. However, the leaf blade bends downward to present most of the leaf surface at 75°to 95
      This has been verified by detailed studies of the effect of varying disk diameter on the optimal branch angles