Treatment versus Punishment: Understanding Racial Inequalities in Drug Policy.

  title={Treatment versus Punishment: Understanding Racial Inequalities in Drug Policy.},
  author={Jin Woo Kim and Evan Morgan and Brendan Nyhan},
  journal={Journal of health politics, policy and law},
CONTEXT Many observers believe that the policy response to the opioid crisis is less punitive than the crack scare and that the reason is that victims are (stereotypically) white. METHODS To assess this conjecture, we compile new longitudinal data on district-level drug-related deaths and (co)sponsorship of legislation on drug abuse in the House of Representatives over the past four decades. Using legislator fixed effects models, we then test how changes in drug-related death rates in… 

How and Why the Identity of Substance Users Shapes Public Opinion on Opioid Treatment Policy

How do the identities of potential policy beneficiaries sway public support for these policies in a public health setting? Using a factorial randomized vignette experiment fielded on a high-quality

Just say no? Public attitudes about supportive and punitive policies to combat the opioid epidemic

The findings indicate that individuals who attribute blame for the epidemic to the personal choices of individuals, conservatives and those high in racial resentment are consistently more likely to support punitive policies to combat the opioid epidemic and less likely to favour policies to support individuals with substance use disorders.

Relationship between Drug Overdose Mortality and Coverage of Drug-Related Issues in US Television Political Campaign Advertising in the 2012 and 2016 Election Cycles.

This study sought to quantify the share of campaign advertising mentioning drugs in the 2012 and 2016 election cycles and to estimate the association between local drug overdose mortality and drug mentions in campaign advertising across US media markets.

Addressing Anti-Black Racism: The Roles of Social Work

ABSTRACT Anti-Black Racism (A-BR) has led to recent and highly publicized killings of African Americans (AA). Still absent from the professional and scientific social work (SWK) literature are

Social Construction of Target Populations: A Theoretical Framework for Understanding Policy Approaches to Perinatal Illicit Substance Screening

Using the theoretical insights of this theory to interrogate the approaches taken by policy makers to address perinatal illicit substance use and screening provides the contextual framework needed to understand why specific policy tools were selected when designing public policy to address these issues.

Effect of Exposure to Visual Campaigns and Narrative Vignettes on Addiction Stigma Among Health Care Professionals: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Exposure to visual campaigns combined with short narrative vignettes told from the perspective of a patient with OUD that emphasized the harm of stigmatizing language or the effectiveness of medications for treating OUD was associated with reduced levels of stigma.



The Public's Increasing Punitiveness and Its Influence on Mass Incarceration in the United States

Following more than 30 years of rising incarceration rates, the United States now imprisons a higher proportion of its population than any country in the world. Building on theories of representation

Public Perceptions of Race and Crime: The Role of Racial Stereotypes

Theory: Social psychological theories of social stereotyping are used to generate a series of predictions about the conditions under which whites' stereotypes of African-Americans are likely to bias

The War on Drugs That Wasn’t: Wasted Whiteness, “Dirty Doctors,” and Race in Media Coverage of Prescription Opioid Misuse

This paper contrasts media coverage of white non-medical opioid users with that of black and brown heroin users to show how divergent representations lead to different public and policy responses.

Do Politicians Racially Discriminate Against Constituents? A Field Experiment on State Legislators

We use a field experiment to investigate whether race affects how responsive state legislators are to requests for help with registering to vote. In an email sent to each legislator, we randomized

Race and Class Differences in Print Media Portrayals of Crack Cocaine and Methamphetamine

Despite a growing body of research on moral panic theory, this framework has been largely inattentive to the role of race and class in the creation of moral panics over drug abuse. Using a content

Setting the public agenda: street crime' and drug use in American politics

Social control issues such as “street crime” and drug use have received an extraordinary degree of political attention in the United States since 1964. In this article, I use OLS and other methods to

Breaking the News or Fueling the Epidemic? Temporal Association between News Media Report Volume and Opioid-Related Mortality

An ecological study compared a monthly time series of unintentional poisoning deaths involving short-acting prescription opioid substances to monthly counts of English-language news articles mentioning generic and branded names of prescription opioids obtained from Google News Archives to find a significant association between news reports and deaths.

The Significance of Race and Geography on Legislative Behavior: Exploring the Legislative Agenda in Post-Katrina Louisiana

Hurricane Katrina dramatically altered the political landscape in Louisiana, and a clear racial gap in public opinion formed regarding the governmental response to the storms. Using data from the

Poor Representation

Tens of millions of Americans live in poverty, but this book reveals that they receive very little representation in Congress. While a burgeoning literature examines the links between political and

Prime Suspects: The Influence of Local Television News on the Viewing Public

Local television news is the public's primary source of public affairs information. News stories about crime dominate local news programming because they meet the demand for 'action news." The