Treatment strategies of spinal arteriovenous fistulas and malformations: timing matters.

@article{Ho2018TreatmentSO,
  title={Treatment strategies of spinal arteriovenous fistulas and malformations: timing matters.},
  author={Wing Mann Ho and Alice G{\"o}rke and Ondra Petr and C. Thom{\'e}},
  journal={Journal of neurosurgical sciences},
  year={2018},
  volume={62 2},
  pages={178-186}
}
Spinal vascular malformations are a rare heterogeneous entity of spinal lesions with abnormal blood vessels. They may occur extra- and intradurally, peri- and intramedullary, with confined or complex configuration, and at various levels of the spine. Associated clinical symptoms are extremely variable and may range from diffuse pain, to progressive myelopathy, and even to acute hemorrhage with severe neurological deficits. Often, the patients present with significant spinal cord injury before… CONTINUE READING