Treatment planning for colorectal cancer: radiation and surgical techniques and value of small-bowel films.

@article{Gunderson1985TreatmentPF,
  title={Treatment planning for colorectal cancer: radiation and surgical techniques and value of small-bowel films.},
  author={Leonard L. Gunderson and Anthony H. Russell and H J Llewellyn and Karen P Doppke and Joel E Tepper},
  journal={International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics},
  year={1985},
  volume={11 7},
  pages={1379-93}
}
For colorectal cancer, the adjuvant radiation dose levels required to achieve a high incidence of local control closely parallel the radiation tolerance of small bowel (4500-5000 rad), and for patients with partially resected or unresected disease, the dose levels exceed tolerance (6000-7000 rad). Therefore, both the surgeon and the radiation oncologist should use techniques that localize tumor volumes and decrease the amount of small intestine within the irradiation field. Surgical options… CONTINUE READING

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