Treatment of vertical heterophoria ameliorates persistent post-concussive symptoms: A retrospective analysis utilizing a multi-faceted assessment battery.

Abstract

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE To examine the effectiveness of neutralizing prismatic lenses for reduction of headache, dizziness and anxiety in patients with persistent post-concussive symptoms and vertical heterophoria (VH). BACKGROUND Approximately 5-10% of patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) develop persistent post-concussive symptoms. Many rehabilitation/treatment modalities are tried, but are largely unsuccessful, indicating a need for more effective treatment. DESIGN AND METHOD This retrospective study included 38 patients with persistent post-concussive symptoms, who were diagnosed by an optometric binocular vision sub-specialist with VH (a sub-set of binocular vision dysfunction [BVD] that manifests as vertical eye and image misalignment). Data was collected both before and after prism application and included validated survey instruments for headache, dizziness, anxiety and BVD symptom burden; subjective rating (0-10 scale) of headache, dizziness and anxiety severity; and a sub-analysis of the BVD survey instrument questions that pertain specifically to headache, dizziness and anxiety. Upon conclusion of treatment, subjective assessment of overall improvement of heterophoria symptoms was obtained utilizing a 10 cm visual analogue scale. OUTCOMES Results demonstrated marked reduction in all measures of headache, dizziness and anxiety (19.1-60.8%) and an overall subjective improvement of VH symptoms of 80.2%. CONCLUSIONS Neutralizing prismatic lenses are an effective treatment of headache, dizziness and anxiety in patients with persistent post-concussive symptoms and VH.

DOI: 10.3109/02699052.2015.1113564

Cite this paper

@article{Rosner2016TreatmentOV, title={Treatment of vertical heterophoria ameliorates persistent post-concussive symptoms: A retrospective analysis utilizing a multi-faceted assessment battery.}, author={Mark S Rosner and Debby L Feinberg and Jennifer E Doble and Arthur J Rosner}, journal={Brain injury}, year={2016}, volume={30 3}, pages={311-7} }