Treatment of upper eyelid retraction associated with thyroid eye disease with subconjunctival botulinum toxin injection.

@article{Uddin2002TreatmentOU,
  title={Treatment of upper eyelid retraction associated with thyroid eye disease with subconjunctival botulinum toxin injection.},
  author={Jimmy M Uddin and Peter D. O. Davies},
  journal={Ophthalmology},
  year={2002},
  volume={109 6},
  pages={1183-7}
}
OBJECTIVE To study the effectiveness of botulinum toxin injections, via a subconjunctival approach, in the management of upper eyelid retraction associated with thyroid eye disease. DESIGN Prospective, non-comparative, interventional case series. PARTICIPANTS Eleven patients with upper scleral exposure associated with thyroid eye disease who declined conservative or conventional surgical management. INTERVENTION One or more treatments with injections of botulinum toxin into the… CONTINUE READING