Treatment of municipal wastewater in full-scale on-site sand filter reduces BOD efficiently but does not reach requirements for nitrogen and phosphorus removal

@inproceedings{Laaksonen2017TreatmentOM,
  title={Treatment of municipal wastewater in full-scale on-site sand filter reduces BOD efficiently but does not reach requirements for nitrogen and phosphorus removal},
  author={Petteri Laaksonen and Aki Sinkkonen and Gennadi Zaitsev and Esa M{\"a}kinen and Timo Gr{\"o}nroos and Martin Romantschuk},
  booktitle={Environmental science and pollution research international},
  year={2017}
}
A traditional sand filter for treatment of household wastewater was constructed in the fall of 2012 at Biolinja 12, Turku, Finland. Construction work was led and monitored by an authorized wastewater treatment consultant. The filter was placed on a field bordered by open ditches from all sides in order to collect excess rain and snowmelt waters. The filter… CONTINUE READING