Treatment of hemifacial spasm with botulinum toxin.

@article{Yoshimura1992TreatmentOH,
  title={Treatment of hemifacial spasm with botulinum toxin.},
  author={D M Yoshimura and Michael J. Aminoff and Thomas A Tami and Allie B. Scott},
  journal={Muscle & nerve},
  year={1992},
  volume={15 9},
  pages={1045-9}
}
The effectiveness of botulinum toxin injections in 11 patients with hemifacial spasm was investigated in a prospective placebo-controlled blinded study. The patients were treated with four sets of injections to various facial muscles, selected by clinical evaluation. Three injections were with graded doses of toxin and one was with placebo. The order of injections was random and unknown to the patients. Results were scored both subjectively by patient assessment of symptoms and objectively by… CONTINUE READING

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