Treatment of esophageal (noncardiac) chest pain: an expert review.

Abstract

BACKGROUND & AIMS Chest pain is a common and frightening symptom. Once cardiac disease has been excluded, an esophageal source is most likely. Pathophysiologically, gastroesophageal reflux disease, esophageal dysmotility, esophageal hypersensitivity, and anxiety disorders have been implicated. However, treatment remains a challenge. Here we examined the… (More)
DOI: 10.1016/j.cgh.2013.08.036

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