Treatment of diabetic ketoacidosis and non-ketotic hyperosmolar diabetic coma.

@article{Berger1992TreatmentOD,
  title={Treatment of diabetic ketoacidosis and non-ketotic hyperosmolar diabetic coma.},
  author={Willi Berger and Ulrich auf dem Keller},
  journal={Bailliere's clinical endocrinology and metabolism},
  year={1992},
  volume={6 1},
  pages={
          1-22
        }
}
Although mortality of diabetic ketoacidosis (KA) has decreased during the past 20 yr to 1-2%, hyperosmolar non-ketotic coma (HNC) is still lethal in 20-30% of cases due to severe underlying conditions or to complications. The most frequent causes of death are infections and thromboembolic disorders. The strategies of initial treatment of KA and HNC are similar; in KA, insulin, fluid and electrolyte replacement have first priority. In HNC, rehydration and electrolyte administration are of… CONTINUE READING
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