Treatment of cystinosis with delayed-release cysteamine: 6-year follow-up


Patients with nephropathic cystinosis are required to take 6-hourly immediate-release cysteamine (Cystagon®) to reduce disease progression. This arduous regimen affects quality of life, disrupts sleep, and may result in non-compliance with therapy. Enteric-coated cysteamine bitartrate (EC-cysteamine) was developed as a “proof-of-concept” formulation for twice-daily ingestion. Previous reports have shown this therapy to be effective up to a mean of 14 months. Two subjects (aged 13 and 15 years) received EC-cysteamine for 5–6 years at 60–65 % of their previous total daily dose of immediate-release cysteamine given at 6-h intervals. White blood cell (WBC) cystine levels were monitored every 1–3 months. The administration of EC-cysteamine did not result in any change in mean trough WBC cystine levels or any deterioration in the estimated glomerular filtration rate, thyroid, or liver function, suggesting that delayed-release, twice-daily EC-cysteamine is an effective long-term treatment alternative to immediate-release cysteamine given at 6-h intervals.

DOI: 10.1007/s00467-012-2315-5

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@article{Dohil2012TreatmentOC, title={Treatment of cystinosis with delayed-release cysteamine: 6-year follow-up}, author={Ranjan Dohil and Betty L. Cabrera}, journal={Pediatric Nephrology}, year={2012}, volume={28}, pages={507-510} }