Treatment of catheter occlusion in pediatric patients.

@article{Kerner2006TreatmentOC,
  title={Treatment of catheter occlusion in pediatric patients.},
  author={John A. Kerner and Manuel G. Garcia-Careaga and Amy A Fisher and Robert L. Poole},
  journal={JPEN. Journal of parenteral and enteral nutrition},
  year={2006},
  volume={30 1 Suppl},
  pages={S73-81}
}
A proper initial assessment of catheter occlusion is the key to successful management. The assessment screens are for both thrombotic and nonthrombotic causes (including mechanical occlusion). If mechanical occlusion is excluded, thrombotic occlusion is treated with alteplase. Nonthrombotic occlusions are treated according to their primary etiologies: lipid occlusion is treated with 70% ethanol, mineral precipitates are treated with 0.1-N hydrochloric acid (HCl), drug precipitates are treated… CONTINUE READING