Treatment of asymmetric velopharyngeal insufficiency with skewed pharyngeal flap.


Twenty-two patients, with hypernasal speech and asymmetric velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI) identified preoperatively by multi-view video-fluoroscopy and nasopharyngoscopy, were managed with superiorly based pharyngeal flaps skewed to the side with reduced lateral pharyngeal wall movement. Patient age ranged from 5 to 58 years. The etiology of the VPI… (More)


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