Treating anemia at different stages of renal disease.

  title={Treating anemia at different stages of renal disease.},
  author={Francesco Locatelli and Lucia Del Vecchio and Pietro Pozzoni},
  journal={Journal of nephrology},
  volume={20 Suppl 12},
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of the poor long-term survival of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Anemia, which is a frequent and early complication of CKD, not only impairs patients' quality of life, but also is an independent risk factor for adverse cardiovascular outcomes. This may be due to its impact on cardiac function leading to the development of left ventricular hypertrophy. Starting from the clear association between higher hemoglobin levels and better outcomes… CONTINUE READING