Traumatic Life Events and Psychopathology in a High Risk, Ethnically Diverse Sample of Young Children: A Person-Centered Approach

@article{Hagan2016TraumaticLE,
  title={Traumatic Life Events and Psychopathology in a High Risk, Ethnically Diverse Sample of Young Children: A Person-Centered Approach},
  author={Melissa J. Hagan and Michael J. Sulik and Alicia F. Lieberman},
  journal={Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology},
  year={2016},
  volume={44},
  pages={833-844}
}
Studies of the association between traumatic experiences and psychopathology in early childhood have primarily focused on specific types of events (e.g., sexual abuse) or aggregated different types of events without differentiating among them. We extend this body of work by investigating patterns of traumatic event exposure in a high-risk, ethnically diverse sample of children ages 3–6 (N = 211; 51 % female) and relating these different patterns to parents’ reports of child externalizing… 

Latent Classes of Exposure to Potentially Traumatic and Stressful Life Events in a Sample of Young Predominantly Ethnic Minority Women

Women are disproportionately affected by specific types of potentially traumatic and stressful life events that are strongly linked to PTSD and depressive symptoms (Tolin & Foa, 2006; U.S. Census

Traumatic Events Are Associated with Diverse Psychological Symptoms in Typically-Developing Children.

Results indicate that childhood trauma may be a non-specific risk factor for sub-clinical psychopathology in otherwise typically-developing children and that children appear to be the most appropriate reporters of their own psychological distress.

Differential Associations of Adversity Profiles with Adolescent Cognitive Control and Psychopathology.

Adverse childhood experiences are common and have long-term consequences for biological and psychosocial adjustment. We used a person-centered approach to characterize distinct profiles of adversity

The trauma factor: Examining the relationships among different types of trauma, dissociation, and psychopathology

  • A. Schimmenti
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of trauma & dissociation : the official journal of the International Society for the Study of Dissociation
  • 2018
The findings of this study support the view that a comprehensive assessment of traumatic experiences and dissociation is needed in trauma research and clinical practice.

Patterns of Trauma Exposure in Childhood and Adolescence and Their Associations With Behavioral Well-Being.

The majority of youth living in the United States experience a potentially traumatic event (PTE) by 18 years of age, with many experiencing multiple PTEs. Variation in the nature and range of PTE

Examining Patterns of Exposure to Family Violence in Preschool Children: A Latent Class Approach.

Young children can experience violence directly or indirectly in the home, with some children exposed to multiple forms of violence. These polyvictims often experience violence that is severe,

PTSD with and without dissociation in young children exposed to interpersonal trauma.

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 68 REFERENCES

Exposure to traumatic events and the behavioral health of children enrolled in an early childhood system of care.

Findings highlight the prevalence of traumatic exposures among an at-risk sample of young children in a system of care and suggest that this exposure is associated with behavioral and emotional challenges at a young age.

Exposure to potentially traumatic events in early childhood: differential links to emergent psychopathology.

Evidence of robust associations between violence exposure and early childhood internalizing and externalizing disorders and symptoms highlights the need for longitudinal prospective research concerning neurodevelopmental mechanisms and pathways.

Impact of Traumatic Life Events in a Community Sample of Toddlers

Event-exposed toddlers evidenced greater symptom severity on the ITSEA Internalizing, Externalizing, Dysregulation, Atypical and Maladaptive scales than those not exposed, and were described as experiencing higher levels of symptoms consistent with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), namely re-experiencing and arousal.

Epidemiology of multiple childhood traumatic events: child abuse, parental psychopathology, and other family-level stressors

Class prevalence varied with race and welfare status, not gender, and the analytic approach may uniquely inform resource allocation in childhood stressors.

Maternal symptomatology and parent-child relationship functioning in a diverse sample of young children exposed to trauma.

The findings of this study underscore the need for clinical interventions that address the parent-child relationship and parental symptomatology following young children's exposure to trauma.

Posttraumatic stress among young urban children exposed to family violence and other potentially traumatic events.

The need for early violence and trauma exposure screening in help-seeking populations so that appropriate interventions are initiated is highlighted.

The impact of intimate partner violence and additional traumatic events on trauma symptoms and PTSD in preschool-aged children.

It is revealed the importance of conducting a complete assessment of traumatic events prior to treating children exposed to IPV, and the DSM-IV diagnostic criteria to proposed criteria for evaluating traumatic stress in preschool-aged children.

A person-centred approach to modelling population experiences of trauma and mental illness

The findings have clinical implications for the assessment of trauma histories across a range of psychiatric diagnoses.

Constellations of Interpersonal Trauma and Symptoms in Child Welfare: Implications for a Developmental Trauma Framework

Patterns of trauma exposure and symptoms were examined in a sample of 16,212 children in Illinois child welfare. Data were collected on trauma histories, child and caregiver needs and strengths, and

Event trauma in early childhood: symptoms, assessment, intervention.

...