Traumatic Injuries Associated with Horseback Riding

@article{Carrillo2007TraumaticIA,
  title={Traumatic Injuries Associated with Horseback Riding},
  author={Eddy H Carrillo and David Varnagy and Sally Bragg and Julie Levy and K Riordan},
  journal={Scandinavian Journal of Surgery},
  year={2007},
  volume={96},
  pages={79 - 82}
}
Background: According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), an estimated 30 million people ride horses each year in the United States. Horseback riding related injuries are common, with an estimated 50,000 emergency room visits annually. The popularity of recreational horseback riding has increased in South Florida and the incidence of associated traumatic injuries is a reflection of this. Material and Methods: Retrospective review of patients admitted to a state designated… 
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TLDR
Horseback riding injuries among participants in this study tended to be serious and family physicians should inform their patients who ride horses about the risks associated with equestrian activities and should emphasize helmet use.
The mosaic of equestrian-related injuries in Greece.
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Equestrian-related injuries are a serious but underappreciated health problem and merit targeted prevention efforts for each category affected, with the role of spurs in the causation of ankle fractures and dislocations and the likely contribution of helmets in preventing traumatic brain injuries.
Equine-related neurosurgical trauma: a prospective series of 30 patients.
TLDR
The data show that equine-related neurosurgical injuries can be severe and fatal because of the significant size, force, and unpredictability of these animals as well as the lack of proper headgear, and recommend that helmets be worn at all times around horses.
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TLDR
A review of 156 horseback-riding accidents that occurred in southern Alberta over a 6-year period and resulted in nervous system trauma, including 11 deaths, shows a need for use of protective headgear.
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TLDR
Investigative need is cited in the areas of previous horse-related injury, lessons, experience vs knowledge, epilepsy, drowning, gender, deaths, safety helmets, stirrups, and body protectors.
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From the years 1969 through 1982 a series of 53 lethal riding injuries is analysed with reference to the rider, the horse, and the environment, indicating the importance of adequately protecting helmets.
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TLDR
Horse related injuries are a public health concern not just for riders but for anyone in close contact with horses and prevention programmes should target horseback riders and horse caregivers to promote helmet use and educate participants about horse behaviour, proper handling of horses, and safe riding practices.
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Operative treatment provided more satisfactory results than nonoperative methods in adolescents with subtrochanteric femoral fractures in skeletally immature adolescents.
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