Trauma-related Structural Dissociation of the Personality

@article{Nijenhuis2010TraumarelatedSD,
  title={Trauma-related Structural Dissociation of the Personality},
  author={Ellert R S Nijenhuis and Onno van der Hart and Kathy Steele},
  journal={Activitas Nervosa Superior},
  year={2010},
  volume={52},
  pages={1-23}
}
Many traumatized individuals alternate between re-experiencing their trauma and being detached from, or even relatively unaware of the trauma and its effects. At first sight one may be inclined to conceptualize detachment from trauma and re-experiencing of trauma as mental states. However, on closer scrutiny it becomes apparent that in both cases a range or cluster of states rather than a singular state is involved. For example, being detached from trauma does not itself exclude being joyful… 

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