Trauma-related Structural Dissociation of the Personality

  title={Trauma-related Structural Dissociation of the Personality},
  author={Ellert R S Nijenhuis and Onno van der Hart and Kathy Steele},
  journal={Activitas Nervosa Superior},
Many traumatized individuals alternate between re-experiencing their trauma and being detached from, or even relatively unaware of the trauma and its effects. At first sight one may be inclined to conceptualize detachment from trauma and re-experiencing of trauma as mental states. However, on closer scrutiny it becomes apparent that in both cases a range or cluster of states rather than a singular state is involved. For example, being detached from trauma does not itself exclude being joyful… 

Post-traumatic stress disorder: A theory of perception

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tHE rolE of ABsorption, fAntAsy pronEnEss And Hypnosis in rEsponsE to trAumA

Detachment and compartmentalization are frequently reported features of psychological reactions to trauma . We propose that these responses are the result of changes in two distinct but reciprocally

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An investigation of the influence of trauma on musicians revealed concentration and memory problems as two of the most common symptoms hampering the performance of affected individuals. In many

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Traumatic events can have a profound influence on the way musicians experience “musicing” as well as on their actual performance. An interpretative phenomenological analysis of two case histories is

Acute Peritraumatic Dissociation: In Favor of a Phenomenological Inquiry

  • Y. Ataria
  • Psychology, Philosophy
    Journal of trauma & dissociation : the official journal of the International Society for the Study of Dissociation
  • 2014
By applying the phenomenological approach, the proposed method may be able to improve the understanding of the traumatic experience and enable the development of better treatment.

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Trauma-related altered states of consciousness in post-traumatic stress disorder patients with or without comorbid dissociative disorders

The 4-D model represents a promising framework for understanding dissociation across trauma-related disorders and was evaluated in patients with post-traumatic stress disorder, with and without comorbid dissociative disorders.


Peritraumatic dissociation is a disturbance of emotion and/or cognition during or immediately after a traumatic experience. Trait dissociation describes these same emotional/cognitive disturbances in

Symptoms of Trauma and Traumatic Memory Retrieval in Adult Survivors of Childhood Sexual Abuse

  • C. MalmoT. S. Laidlaw
  • Psychology
    Journal of trauma & dissociation : the official journal of the International Society for the Study of Dissociation
  • 2010
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Dispositional optimism and self-esteem as competing predictors of acute symptoms of generalized anxiety disorders and dissociative experiences among civilians exposed to war trauma.

The results demonstrate inverse associations between dispositional optimism and acute symptoms of GAD and dissociation and individuals with low levels of dispositional Optimism demonstrated a higher risk for acute Gad and dissociative experiences.



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Somatoform dissociation can be understood as a set of adaptive psychophysiologic responses to trauma where there is a threat of inescapable physical injury, which are related to a range of psychiatric disorders, and are likely to interfere with treatment of those disorders.

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People who went through the horrors of the Holocaust struggle with their memories in different ways. Many experience overwhelming and intrusive recollections accompanied by strong emotions, even more

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The findings provide further support for the reliability and validity of the PDEQ-RV as a measure of peritraumatic dissociation and was predictive of posttraumatic stress symptoms beyond the contributions of level of stress exposure and general dissociative tendencies.

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Dissociative responses to trauma have been hypothesized to be associated with long-term increases in psychopathology. The purpose of this study was to examine dissociative responses to premilitary,

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Abstract The prevailing “dis-association” between the scientific studies of dissociation and somatization is discussed, particularly in reference to the general “decontextualization” of dissociative