Trauma and autobiographical memory specificity in depressed inpatients.

  title={Trauma and autobiographical memory specificity in depressed inpatients.},
  author={Dirk Hermans and Kris Van den Broeck and Gerrit Belis and Filip Raes and Guido Pieters and Paul Eelen},
  journal={Behaviour research and therapy},
  volume={42 7},
Autobiographical memory specificity and emotional abuse.
Results provide evidence for an association between trauma (emotional abuse) and reduced memory specificity, and suggest that receiving support following the abuse might protect individuals from developing over-general memory.
Specificity of autobiographical memory in social phobia and major depression.
Social phobics demonstrated a high ability to recall detailed specific autobiographical memories, and an overgeneral response style was not observed in depressed patients, however, significant differences in educational level emerged.
Autobiographical memory specificity in child sexual abuse victims
Findings contribute to the scientific understanding of childhood trauma and autobiographical memory functioning and underscore the importance of considering the role of age and degree of traumatization within the study of autobiographies memory.
Performance in Autobiographical Memory of Older Adults with Depression Symptoms
Summary: The aim of this study was to compare the performance in the Autobiographical Memory Test in older adults with high scores on depression symptoms (HDS) compared with a matched group with low
Reduced Specificity of Autobiographical Memory and Depression
It has been widely established that depressed mood states and clinical depression, as well as a range of other psychiatric disorders, are associated with a relative difficulty in accessing specific
Overgeneral autobiographical memory in depressed adolescents with, versus without, a reported history of trauma.
The authors' analyses showed for the first time that adolescents with major depression and with no reported history of trauma exhibited an overgeneral memory bias, and revealed that depressed adolescents who reported ahistory of trauma retrieved fewer overgeneral memories than did depressedolescents who reported no history of Trauma.
Field perspective deficit for positive memories characterizes autobiographical memory in euthymic depressed patients.
Reduced autobiographical memory specificity and affect regulation
Reduced memory specificity was associated with “repressive coping”, providing further evidence for the idea that reduced memory specificity is used as an avoidant or repressive‐defensive mechanism to regulate negative affect.
Overgeneral autobiographical memory and traumatic events: an evaluative review.
Across studies, there was no consistent association between trauma exposure and overgenerality, suggesting that trauma exposure is unlikely to be the primary mechanism leading to over generality.
The impact of culture and trauma exposure on autobiographical memory specificity
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a disabling disorder that can develop in response to exposure to trauma. There is general agreement that disruptions in autobiographical memory (AM) occur in


Autobiographical Memory Specificity and Trauma in Inpatient Adolescents
  • A. De Decker, D. Hermans, F. Raes, P. Eelen
  • Psychology
    Journal of clinical child and adolescent psychology : the official journal for the Society of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, American Psychological Association, Division 53
  • 2003
Higher levels of trauma were shown to be associated with reduced autobiographical memory specificity (AM), which is reconcilable with Williams' (1996) developmental idea that a pattern of overgeneral AM retrieval originates in childhood trauma as a way of regulating affect.
Autobiographical memory specificity and the course of major depressive disorder.
Autobiographical memory dysfunction in depression appears to be stable over time, is related to short-term prognosis in depression, and may act as a vulnerability factor that influences the long-term course of depressive disorders.
Autobiographical memory and emotion in a non-clinical sample of women with and without a reported history of childhood sexual abuse.
Models of the long-term effects of CSA should incorporate the effects CSA may have on subsequent retrieval for memory of non-abuse events, and clinicians may have to directly address these deficits in therapy.
Autobiographical memory in acute stress disorder.
Survivors of motor vehicle accidents with acute stress disorder (ASD) or with no ASD participated in a study on autobiographical memory within a week of their trauma, and reported fewer specific memories to positive cue words than did non-ASD participants.
Autobiographical memory functioning in depression and reports of early abuse.
The authors investigated the memory functioning of depressed women patients with and without a reported history of child physical or sexual abuse using J. G. Williams and K. Broadbent's Autobiographical Memory Test, finding patients who reported childhood sexual abuse produced more overgeneral memories to positive and negative cues.
Autobiographical memory and trauma in adolescents.
Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy reduces overgeneral autobiographical memory in formerly depressed patients.
Recovered depressed patients were randomly allocated to receive either treatment as usual or treatment designed to reduce risk of relapse, and the treatment group showed a significantly reduced number of generic memories.
Autobiographical memory in obsessive-compulsive disorder.
Compared to control participants, OCD patients had difficulty retrieving specific memories and showed longer retrieval latencies, but these overgenerality effects were not a function of OCD per se, but were related to a co-morbid diagnosis of major depression.
Role of autobiographical memory in social problem solving and depression.
Results support the general hypothesis that SPS skill is a function of autobiographical memory retrieval as measured by a cuing task and by the types of memories retrieved during the MEPS, but the dysfunctional nature of categoric memories in SPS, rather than the importance of specific memories, was highlighted in the depressed group.