Trauma and ADHD – Association or Diagnostic Confusion? A Clinical Perspective

  title={Trauma and ADHD – Association or Diagnostic Confusion? A Clinical Perspective},
  author={Kate Szymanski and Linda Sapanski and Francine Conway},
  journal={Journal of Infant, Child, and Adolescent Psychotherapy},
  pages={51 - 59}
In recent years, a growing body of research has developed to examine the relationship between exposure to traumatic events in childhood and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD; Daud and Rydelius, 2009; Famularo et al., 1996; Ford et al., 2000; Lipschitz, Morgan and Southwick, 2002; McLeer et al., 1998; Cuffe, McCullough and Pumariega, 1994; Husain, Allwood and Bell, 2008). It is not surprising that these two areas are being evaluated, as cognitive and emotional disruptions that occur… 

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Child-centered play therapy (CCPT) may serve as a significant intervention to re-assess trauma versus misdiagnosis of ADHD, and has shown to be highly effective in treating traumatized children, as well as minimizing their symptoms.

ADHD and Exposure to Maltreatment in Children and Youth: a Systematic Review of the Past 10 Years

Purpose of the Review The purpose of the current paper was to review and summarize the literature on ADHD and maltreatment over the past 10 years. Recent Findings The majority of research on ADHD and

Childhood trauma in adults with ADHD is associated with comorbid anxiety disorders and functional impairment

It is suggested that awareness of child and adolescent trauma is clinically relevant among young to middle-aged adult ADHD patients, and implications for earlier detection of CT and treatment warrant further studies.

Associations between potentially traumatic events and psychopathology among preadolescents in the Adolescent Brain and Cognitive Development Study®.

The current cross-sectional study aimed to extend the literature on childhood adversity by examining the unique associations between potentially traumatic events (PTEs) and a range of mental health

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Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): An affect‐processing and thought disorder?

  • M. Günter
  • Psychology
    The International journal of psycho-analysis
  • 2014
The conflict–dynamic approach should be supplemented by a perspective regarding deficits in α‐function as constitutive for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, which cause affect‐processing and thought disorders compensated for (though not fully by the symptomatology).

ADHD Versus PTSD in Preschool-Aged Children: Implications for Misdiagnosis

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) has been one of the most diagnosed disorders in children since it was included in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders−III

Metacognitive and motivation deficits, exposure to trauma, and high parental demands characterize adolescents with late-onset ADHD

Support for three hypotheses about the etiology of adolescent-onset ADHD symptoms are evaluated: a "cool" cognitive load hypothesis, a “hot” rewards processing hypothesis, and a trauma exposure hypothesis.

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Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder was not found to be a risk factor for either trauma exposure or PTSD, but childhood mania was, and this finding stresses the potential severe clinical sequelae of Childhood mania in children.

The adolescent outcome of hyperactive children diagnosed by research criteria: I. An 8-year prospective follow-up study.

The use of research criteria for diagnosing children as hyperactive identifies a pattern of behavioral symptoms that is highly stable over time and associated with considerably greater risk for family disturbance and negative academic and social outcomes in adolescence than has been previously reported.

Child Maltreatment, other Trauma Exposure, and Posttraumatic Symptomatology among Children with Oppositional Defiant and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorders

It is suggested that screening for maltreatment, other trauma, and PTSD symptoms may enhance prevention, treatment, and research concerning childhood disruptive behavior disorders.

Adolescents with Childhood ADHD and Comorbid Disruptive Behavior Disorders: Aggression, Anger, and Hostility

Adolescents diagnosed with ADHD and comorbid disruptive behavior disorders during childhood report high levels of aggression associated with increased emotionality in the form of anger, but not hostile cognitions, suggesting emotional dysregulation may be an important component of ADHD, particularly as it presents in adolescence.

Hyperactive boys almost grown up. II. Status of subjects without a mental disorder.

This model supports the construct validity of the DSM-III diagnoses attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity, substance use disorder, and antisocial personality disorder and suggests that behavior problems resulting from drug use in early adolescence have graver consequences for previously hyperactive children than normal subjects.

Neurobiological Disturbances in Youth with Childhood Trauma and in Youth with Conduct Disorder

Summary Traumatized children often present with symptoms of behavioral dyscontrol (aggression, impulsivity, and hyperactivity). There is some symptom overlap between childhood PTSD and the disruptive

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Summary A number of studies suggest similarities between the psychosocial impairment caused by traumatic victimization and the “cascade” (Patterson, 1993) of problems experienced by youths with

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