Trauma among the Shanidar Neandertals.

  title={Trauma among the Shanidar Neandertals.},
  author={E. Trinkaus and M. Zimmerman},
  journal={American journal of physical anthropology},
  volume={57 1},
Four of the adult Neandertals from Shanidar Cave, Iraq, Shanidar 1, 3, 4, and 5, show evidence of antemortem trauma. Shanidar 1 sustained injuries to the right frontal squama, the left lateral orbit, the right humerus and right fifth metatarsal. Associated with this trauma are hypoplasia or atrophy of the right clavicle, scapula, and humerus, osteomyelitis of the right clavicle, degenerative joint disease at the right knee, ankle, and first tarsometatarsal joint, and remodeling of the left… Expand
Lumbar anomalies in the Shanidar 3 Neandertal.
This paper describes this developmental anomaly, as well as several degenerative changes and offers potential etiologies, of the Shanidar 3 remains, an adult male Neandertal dating to the Last Glacial. Expand
Shanidar 1: a case of hyperostotic disease (DISH) in the middle Paleolithic.
The Shanidar 1 Neandertal partial skeleton presents osteophytic lesions on its vertebrae and appendicular skeleton which appear independent of the multiple traumatic and degenerative joint diseaseExpand
Shanidar 3 Neandertal rib puncture wound and paleolithic weaponry.
To better understand the circumstances surrounding the traumatic injury suffered by Shanidar 3, controlled stabbing experiments with replicas of Mousterian and Levallois points directed against the thoraces of pig carcasses revealed consistent differences in damage patterns between the two conditions. Expand
The Shanidar 3 Neandertal
The Shanidar 3 Neandertal partial skeleton preserves four teeth, major portions of the thoracic and lumbar vertebrae, sacrum, ribs, clavicles, scapulae, humeri, hand bones, innominate bones, and footExpand
External auditory exostoses and hearing loss in the Shanidar 1 Neandertal
The Late Pleistocene Shanidar 1 older adult male Neandertal is known for the crushing fracture of his left orbit with a probable reduction in vision, the loss of his right forearm and hand, and evidence of an abnormal gait, as well as probable diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis, which indicates at least unilateral conductive hearing (CHL) loss. Expand
An unreduced dislocated mandible in an Alaskan Eskimo: a case of altruism or adaptation?
Mandibular dislocations are rare in archaeological samples. This paper describes an unreduced dislocated mandible in an adult male skeleton from Point Hope, Alaska. The left mandibular condyle hasExpand
Pediatric chronic osteomyelitis in the outskirts of Al-Ushbuna (Carnide, Lisboa, Portugal).
A case of chronic osteomyelitis in a non-adult individual from a relatively unfamiliar chronology and cultural context supplements the uncommon paleopathological descriptions of osteomyelinitis in non-adults from historical populations. Expand
Is Trauma at Krapina like all Other Neandertal Trauma? A Statistical Comparison of Trauma Patterns in Neandertal Skeletal Remains
All instances of trauma reported or personally observed in any known Neandertal skeletal remain were assembled and classified in several ways: 1) whether or not recovered at Krapina; 2) part of theExpand
The effect of trauma on Neanderthal culture: A mathematical analysis.
  • W. Nakahashi
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Homo : internationale Zeitschrift fur die vergleichende Forschung am Menschen
  • 2017
A mathematical model is developed that estimates that if an upper limb is associated with a cultural skill, each individual had to communicate closely with at least 1.5-2.6 individuals during adulthood to maintain the skill in Neanderthal society, and if a whole body is associated, at least 3.1-11.5 individuals were necessary. Expand
Pronounced bilateral asymmetry of the complete upper extremity: a case from the early Neolithic Baikal, Siberia
An adult male skeleton from the early Neolithic cemetery of Shamanka II on the south coast of Lake Baikal (Siberia, Russia) presents one of most striking examples of upper limb bilateral asymmetryExpand


The Shanidar 3 Neandertal
The Shanidar 3 Neandertal partial skeleton preserves four teeth, major portions of the thoracic and lumbar vertebrae, sacrum, ribs, clavicles, scapulae, humeri, hand bones, innominate bones, and footExpand
Strength and robusticity of the Neandertal tibia
Three Neandertal tibias are naturally broken at or near midshaft allowing calculation of geometrical and mechanical parameters. Comparisons are made with a sample of 15 modern human tibias usingExpand
Shanidar IV, a Neanderthal Flower Burial in Northern Iraq
The discovery ofpollen clusters of different kinds offlowers in the grave of one of the Neanderthals, No. IV, at Shanidar cave, Iraq, furthers our acceptance of the Neanderthals in our lineExpand
Age determination of the Shanidar 3 Neanderthal.
Close agreement between the age at death estimated by macroscopic and microscopic methods was obtained for the Shanidar 3 Neanderthal. This suggests the possibility of obtaining age at deathExpand
Prehistory in Shanidar Valley, Northern Iraq: Fresh insights into Near Eastern prehistory from the Middle Paleolithic to the Proto-Neolithic are obtained.
In the article "Prehistory in Shanidar Valley, Northern Iraq" by R. S. Solecki [ Science 139, 179 (1963)], reference 4 in the caption for Fig. 12, should have read "J. Franklin Ewing, S.J."
Shanidar, the first flower people
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