Trauma Surgeon–Funded Injury Prevention and Research Decrease ATV Crash Injuries

@article{Testerman2019TraumaSI,
  title={Trauma Surgeon–Funded Injury Prevention and Research Decrease ATV Crash Injuries},
  author={George M Testerman and Sarah E. Rollins and William D Tucker and John R. Murfee},
  journal={The American Surgeon},
  year={2019},
  volume={85},
  pages={526 - 529}
}
ATV (all-terrain vehicle) riding continues to be popular in rural mountainous areas of southeastern Kentucky, southwest Virginia, and northeast Tennessee. Many ATV riders are injured while riding in an unsafe manner, riding unhelmeted, or under the influence of drugs and alcohol. Death, disability, and trauma center admissions from ATV crashes have persisted nationwide in recent years. Trauma centers in Tennessee frequently see ATV riders injured in other states with variable ATV helmet safety… 

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References

SHOWING 1-4 OF 4 REFERENCES
Helmets Matter: Kentucky All-Terrain Vehicle Crashes Seen at a Tennessee Trauma Center
TLDR
Support is lent for maintaining and enforcing current universal helmet laws for ATVriders of all ages in states where they are in effect and the need to upgrade helmet laws that apply only to some riders is highlighted.
Increased Severe All-terrain Vehicle Accidents at a Rural Tennessee Trauma Center despite Safety Legislation
TLDR
The large ATV experience suggests that rider behavior and resulting severe injuries are unaffected by current safety legislation, and that the severe ATV trauma epidemic seen at a rural Level I trauma center would be mitigated by these laws and efforts.
Prevention of all-terrain vehicle injuries: A systematic review from The Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma
TLDR
Helmet use when riding an ATV reduced the rate of TBI and ATV safety legislation, when enforced, also reduced morbidity and mortality, however, compliance with laws is often low, possibly due to poor enforcement.