Trauma Disorders in Adolescence

@article{Porche2020TraumaDI,
  title={Trauma Disorders in Adolescence},
  author={Michelle V. Porche and Jessica B. Koslouski and Rachel Oblath},
  journal={The Encyclopedia of Child and Adolescent Development},
  year={2020}
}

References

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TLDR
The majority of the studies cited in this review indicate that child abuse is related to delayed language, cognitive development, low IQ, and poor school performance in some way.

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The authors assert that mental health counselors can enhance clinical practice by using transgenerational trauma assessment and interventions as well as historical and contextual knowledge.

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New Orleans school children participated in an assessment and field trial of two interventions 15 months after Hurricane Katrina that led to significant symptom reduction of PTSD symptoms, but many still had elevated PTSD symptoms at posttreatment.

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With the recognition that large numbers of men and women receiving services in the mental health and addictions systems are the survivors of sexual and physical abuse, practitioners need to become

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Reactive attachment disorder is a disorder that has been linked to severe and chronic maltreatment and treatment strategies are explored, including the controversial holding or rebirthing strategies.

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Findings from this analysis of NCS-A data confirm those of earlier, smaller studies, that only a minority of youths with psychiatric disorders receive treatment of any sort.

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The development of the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory, an instrument for assessing positive outcomes reported by persons who have experienced traumatic events, is described and appears to have utility in determining how successful individuals, coping with the aftermath of trauma, are in reconstructing or strengthening their perceptions of self, others, and the meaning of events.

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The authors review the available empirical evidence and indicates that discrimination is associated with multiple indicators of poorer physical and, especially, mental health status, but the extant research does not adequately address whether and how exposure to discrimination leads to increased risk of disease.