Traps of carnivorous pitcher plants as a habitat: composition of the fluid, biodiversity and mutualistic activities.

@article{Adlassnig2011TrapsOC,
  title={Traps of carnivorous pitcher plants as a habitat: composition of the fluid, biodiversity and mutualistic activities.},
  author={Wolfram Adlassnig and Marianne Peroutka and Thomas Lendl},
  journal={Annals of botany},
  year={2011},
  volume={107 2},
  pages={
          181-94
        }
}
BACKGROUND Carnivorous pitcher plants (CPPs) use cone-shaped leaves to trap animals for nutrient supply but are not able to kill all intruders of their traps. Numerous species, ranging from bacteria to vertrebrates, survive and propagate in the otherwise deadly traps. This paper reviews the literature on phytotelmata of CPPs. PITCHER Fluid as a Habitat The volumes of pitchers range from 0·2 mL to 1·5 L. In Nepenthes and Cephalotus, the fluid is secreted by the trap; the other genera collect… Expand
Dipteran larvae and microbes facilitate nutrient sequestration in the Nepenthes gracilis pitcher plant host
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It is shown that niche segregation occurs between phorid and culicid larvae, with the former fragmenting prey carcasses and the latter suppressing fluid microbe levels, and that pitcher communities facilitate nutrient sequestration in their host. Expand
The biotic and abiotic drivers of ‘living’ diversity in the deadly traps of Nepenthes pitcher plants
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Assessment of Nepenthes pitcher plants aimed to assess how their inquiline communities are endangered, testing whether arthropod infaunal composition is Nepal-specific or even species-specific, as well as determining the ecological drivers of its diversity. Expand
Carnivorous Nutrition in Pitcher Plants (Nepenthes spp.) via an Unusual Complement of Endogenous Enzymes.
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The full complement of acid-stable enzymes discovered in this study suggests that carnivory in the genus Nepenthes can be sustained by plant-based mechanisms alone and does not absolutely require bacterial symbiosis. Expand
Secreted pitfall-trap fluid of carnivorous Nepenthes plants is unsuitable for microbial growth.
TLDR
The results reveal that Nepenthes pitcher fluids represent a dynamic system that is able to react to the presence of microbes and can avoid and control the microbial colonization of their pitfall traps and, thereby, reduce the need to vie with microbes for the prey-derived nutrients. Expand
Bacterial diversity and composition in the fluid of pitcher plants of the genus Nepenthes.
TLDR
The diversity of bacterial communities was assessed in Nepenthes pitcher fluids and the composition of the bacterial community was compared to that in other environments, including the phyllosphere of Arabidopsis, animal guts and another pitcher plant, Sarracenia, to reveal that the bacterial communities of both opened and unopened pitchers were most similar to that at the class level. Expand
acterial diversity and composition in the fluid of pitcher plants of the enus
Pitchers are modified leaves used by carnivorous plants for trapping prey. Their fluids contain digestive enzymes from the plant and they harbor abundant microbes. In this study, the diversity ofExpand
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TLDR
Three species of Enchytraeidae and three species of Naididae are reported from a collection sampled in phytotelms of bromeliads in Cusuco National Park, Honduras, two of which are new to science. Expand
Comparative Study of Bacterial Communities in Nepenthes Pitchers and Their Correlation to Species and Fluid Acidity
TLDR
A unique microbial community structure was found in Nepenthes ampullaria which could reflect their adaptation to digest leaf litter, in addition to insect prey and provides insights into their community structure in this unique ecological system. Expand
A Novel Type of Nutritional Ant–Plant Interaction: Ant Partners of Carnivorous Pitcher Plants Prevent Nutrient Export by Dipteran Pitcher Infauna
TLDR
It is discovered that C. schmitzi ants not only increase the pitchers' capture efficiency by keeping the pitchers’ trapping surfaces clean, but they also reduce nutrient loss from the pitchers by predating dipteran pitcher inhabitants (infauna). Expand
Do ecological communities co-diversify? An investigation into the Sarracenia alata pitcher plant system
TLDR
This research explores co-diversification in the Sarracenia alata pitcher plant system, a carnivorous pitcher plant distributed along the Gulf Coast of the American southeast, bisected by the Mississippi River, and tests coevolution theory, exploring how a host contributes to the breakdown of prey items. Expand
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