Traps of carnivorous pitcher plants as a habitat: composition of the fluid, biodiversity and mutualistic activities.

  title={Traps of carnivorous pitcher plants as a habitat: composition of the fluid, biodiversity and mutualistic activities.},
  author={Wolfram Adlassnig and Marianne Peroutka and Thomas Lendl},
  journal={Annals of botany},
  volume={107 2},
BACKGROUND Carnivorous pitcher plants (CPPs) use cone-shaped leaves to trap animals for nutrient supply but are not able to kill all intruders of their traps. Numerous species, ranging from bacteria to vertrebrates, survive and propagate in the otherwise deadly traps. This paper reviews the literature on phytotelmata of CPPs. PITCHER Fluid as a Habitat The volumes of pitchers range from 0·2 mL to 1·5 L. In Nepenthes and Cephalotus, the fluid is secreted by the trap; the other genera collect… 

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