Trapped: Smallholder Coffee Producers in the Papua New Guinea Highlands

  title={Trapped: Smallholder Coffee Producers in the Papua New Guinea Highlands},
  author={S. Macwilliam},
  • S. Macwilliam
  • Published 2020
  • Geography
  • independence in 1975, entrapment has intensified for a substantial proportion of the country’s people. About 400,000 smallholder households, or about 80 per cent, of Highlands’ households produce about 85 per cent of the national output and depend upon coffee for all or part of their cash income (CIC 2017; Curry, Koczberski and Inu 2019). These smallholders probably constitute around one-quarter of the country’s total population of over eight million.3 (‘Probably’ is… CONTINUE READING
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