Transvenous pacemaker insertion ipsilateral to chronic subclavian vein obstruction: an operative technique for children and adults.


Subclavian vein occlusion limits insertion of pacing electrodes in children and adults. The concern is greatest in children with a long-term need for pacing systems necessitating use of the contralateral vein and potential bilateral loss of access in the future. We describe an operative technique to provide ipsilateral access in chronic subclavian vein… (More)


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