Transvaginal laparoscopy.

  title={Transvaginal laparoscopy.},
  author={Ivo Brosens and R. L. Campo and Patrick Puttemans and Stephan Gordts},
  journal={Best practice & research. Clinical obstetrics & gynaecology},
  volume={19 5},
Transvaginal laparoscopy (TvL) offers an alternative to standard diagnostic laparoscopy in subfertile patients without obvious pelvic pathology. With a specially developed needle-trocar system, access to the pouch of Douglas is gained through a needle puncture of the posterior fornix. Performed under local anaesthesia or sedation with the patient in a… CONTINUE READING