Transvaginal duplex ultrasonography appears to be the gold standard investigation for the haemodynamic evaluation of pelvic venous reflux in the ovarian and internal iliac veins in women

@article{Whiteley2015TransvaginalDU,
  title={Transvaginal duplex ultrasonography appears to be the gold standard investigation for the haemodynamic evaluation of pelvic venous reflux in the ovarian and internal iliac veins in women},
  author={Mark S Whiteley and SJ Dos Santos and Cc Harrison and J. M. Holdstock and A. de la Iglesia L{\'o}pez},
  journal={Phlebology},
  year={2015},
  volume={30},
  pages={706 - 713}
}
Objectives To assess the suitability of transvaginal duplex ultrasonography to identify pathological reflux in the ovarian and internal iliac veins in women. Methods A retrospective study of patients treated in 2011 and 2012 was performed in a specialised vein clinic. Diagnostic transvaginal duplex ultrasonography in women presenting with symptoms or signs of pelvic vein reflux were compared with the outcomes of treatment from pelvic vein embolisation. A repeat transvaginal duplex… 

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