Transtracheal aspiration and fine needle aspiration biopsy for the diagnosis of pulmonary infection in heart transplant patients.


A total of 129 transtracheal aspirations or fine needle aspirations, or both, were performed in 65 heart and heart-lung transplant patients to identify the causative pathogen in suspected pulmonary infection. Transtracheal aspiration was performed in 82 instances, fine needle aspiration in 47, and both procedures in 23. Both transtracheal and fine needle… (More)


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