Transthoracic ultrasound planning in the treatment of second and third stage of empyema


Background The management of empyema is still debated. Videoassisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) has revolutionized surgical management of patients with empyema. Currently thoracoscopic approach probably is the best choice in the management of second or third stage of empyema, particularly in those patients with chronic empyema and poor performance status… (More)