Transsexualism in history

  title={Transsexualism in history},
  author={Vern L. Bullough},
  journal={Archives of Sexual Behavior},
  • V. Bullough
  • Published 1 September 1975
  • Psychology
  • Archives of Sexual Behavior
This article brings together references to possible transsexuals in Europe and America over the past 200 years. Most of the references come not from the medical and psychiatric literature but from more ephemeral and nonindexed materials such as newspapers and magazines. 

Transsexualism and Medical Science: Current Limitations and New Directions

(1994). Transsexualism and Medical Science: Current Limitations and New Directions. Annual Review of Health Social Science: Vol. 4, No. 1, pp. 4-24.

Transsexualism and Gender Reassignment

Summary Gender reassignment for carefully assessed transsexual patients is now an established and accepted practice in many parts of the world. In other areas customary attitudes to those with sexual

Transsexualism in the Arts

Transsexualism is not a common condition and several studies suggested that the lower prevalence in women is mainly due to underreporting and that over the years the sex ratio comes closer to parity.

A follow‐up study of operated transsexual males

  • T. Sørensen
  • Medicine, Psychology
    Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica
  • 1981
Since 1951, when the first operation on a transsexual took place, the Rigshospital has had a thorough pre‐operative knowledge of a total of 29 transsexual males who have all obtained official status as females and who have subsequently been followed up.

From Sappho to Sand: Historical Perspective on Crossdressing and Cross Gender

  • B. Steiner
  • History
    Canadian journal of psychiatry. Revue canadienne de psychiatrie
  • 1981
The history of crossdressing throughout history is reviewed, starting with the Great Mother Cult through the Greco-Roman period and Judeo-Christian times followed by the Renaissance period and through to the nineteenth century.

Transsexualism or the gender dysphoria syndromes.

Mental health professionals need to competently perform differential diagnoses of both the gender disorder and the associated psychopathologies, which frequently involves distinctions between subtle forms of psychosis, character pathologies of varying severity, and major developmental problems.

Male transsexualism in mainland China

This study summarizes general information available on the seven transsexuals in China, reports in detail on two cases where there was considerable correspondence, and summarizes the one case of transsexual surgery known to have taken place in China in recent years.

Serving the Needs of Transgender College Students

Abstract Transgender youth have become more visible in the last decade but remain one of the most underserved populations on college campuses and have largely been ignored in the higher education

When Your Son Becomes Your Daughter: A Mother's Adjustment to a Transgender Child

This article applies the theory of self-psychology, developed initially by Heinz Kohut and more recently adapted to brief treatment and counseling the mother of an individual who underwent male to




This book embodies a comprehensive and clearly outlined classification of the diseases causing a rise in the intraocular tension, their diagnosis and treatment and describes the organization of American glaucoma clinics and their methods of educating patients.

The transsexual phenomenon.

  • H. Benjamin
  • Psychology
    Transactions of the New York Academy of Sciences
  • 1967
The author describes the conversion operation of Fifty-one male transsexuals and the results of their operations and discusses legal aspects in transvestism and transsexualism.

Transvestites in the Middle Ages

Transvestism, which is usually defined in terms of psychopathology, must also be examined in terms of status gain and loss. This appears most obvious in an examination of the lives of the


  • I. Pauly
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Archives of general psychiatry
  • 1965
A clinical review of a dramatic psychiatric syndrome, characterized by the male's intense desire for sexual transformation by surgical and/or hormonal means, based upon his complete identification with the feminine gender role.

Transvestism; hormonal, psychiatric, and surgical treatment.

Transvestism, in the widest sense of the term, must be regarded as a symptom that may appear in a number of conditions, and only by thorough clinical analysis is it possible to distinguish between these various states.

Masturbatory insanity: the history of an idea.

  • E. Hare
  • Psychology
    The Journal of mental science
  • 1962
A short history of the idea that masturbation is an important cause of mental disorder is given and some of the reasons for the rise and fall of this idea are examined, to examine the peculiar difficulty of refuting causal hypotheses in psychiatry.

Sex reassignment: Male to female to male

A male patient planned and achieved sex-reassignment surgery which subsequently proved to have been performed prematurely and was confronted with the realization that he could not live as a woman and found a resolution to his dilemma by reverting to the male role.

III. Determinants of Psychosexual Orientation (Gender Role) in Humans

  • J. L. Hampson
  • Psychology
    Canadian Psychiatric Association journal
  • 1963
Experimental study of psychosexual behaviour in humans is seldom blessed with the nicety of control possible in the animal laboratory, however, it is becoming increasingly clear, even in lower animals, that behaviour previously dismissed as instinctive is often patterned by multiple factors.

The Frightful Consequences of Onanism: Notes on the History of a Delusion

In the library of Edinburgh University there is a copy of an anonymous pamphlet named Onania,1 which from its first appearance at the beginning of the XVIIIth century, ran to at least nineteen

Sexual Behavior in the Human Male

"Sexual Behavior in the Human Female" was originally published in 1953, five years after the male volume. The material presented in this book was derived from personal interviews with nearly 6,000