Transport of Ixodes ricinus infected with Borrelia species to Norway by northward-migrating passerine birds.

@article{Hasle2011TransportOI,
  title={Transport of Ixodes ricinus infected with Borrelia species to Norway by northward-migrating passerine birds.},
  author={Gunnar Hasle and Gunnar Aksel Bjune and Liv Midthjell and Knut H{\aa}kon R\oed and Hans Petter Leinaas},
  journal={Ticks and tick-borne diseases},
  year={2011},
  volume={2 1},
  pages={37-43}
}
Birds are capable of transporting ticks and, consequently, tick-borne pathogens over long distances and across geographical barriers such as oceans and deserts. The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of Borrelia spp. in ticks transported by birds by using PCR. A total of 9768 northward-migrating passerine birds was examined for ticks at 4 bird observatories along the southern Norwegian coast during their spring migration in 2003-2005. Two of the bird observatories were located… CONTINUE READING
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