Transpersonal Psychology as a Scientific Field

  title={Transpersonal Psychology as a Scientific Field},
  author={Harris L. Friedman},
  journal={International Journal of Transpersonal Studies},
  • H. Friedman
  • Published 2002
  • Psychology
  • International Journal of Transpersonal Studies
The importance of the development of transpersonal psychology as a science is considered. Arguments from romanticism, scientism, and constructionism that challenge this possibility are countered. A distinction is drawn between the field of transpersonal psychology as a science and the broader area known as transpersonal studies that may legitimately use scientific or nonscientific methods. The concepts of transpersonal phenomena and transcendent noumena are delineated, the latter being seen as… 

Empirical Rationalism and Transpersonal Empiricism: Bridging the Two Epistemic Cultures of Transpersonal Psychology

The purposes of this article are to provide a meaningful and critical discourse on the state of the field, identify key obstacles to an intersubjectively shared transpersonal vision, discuss whether

Problems of Romanticism in Transpersonal Psychology: A Case Study of Aikido

Romanticism is becoming increasing prevalent in transpersonal psychology, subverting efforts to develop scientific approaches in this subfield of psychology. As a case study of some of romanticism's


This article critically discusses the scientific status of transpersonal psychology and its relation to so-called supernatural claims. In particular, analysis focuses on Friedman's (2002, 2013a)

Further Developing Transpersonal Psychology as a Science: Building and Testing Middle-Range Transpersonal Theories

Further developing transpersonal psychology as a science has been impeded by the over emphasis on two approaches to building theory, namely grand theories that attempt to explain everything and

Criticisms of Transpersonal Psychology and Beyond—The Future of Transpersonal Psychology: A Science and Culture of Consciousness

After nearly half a decade of transpersonal psychology, to be precise 43 years after the foundation of the Journal of Transpersonal Psychology that gave the nascent movement an academic and scholarly

A Fractal Epistemology for Transpersonal Psychology

  • T. Marks-Tarlow
  • Psychology
    International Journal of Transpersonal Studies
  • 2020
The role of science has been controversial within the nascent field of transpersonal psychology. Traditional linear and reductionist models are insufficient to address rare and unreproducible states

Transpersonal Psychology: Trends in Empirical Research and Diversity During the First Five Decades of the Field

  • G. Hartelius
  • Psychology
    The International Journal of Transpersonal Studies
  • 2022
Prior research on the role of empirical research in transpersonal psychology is updated, along with trends in gender diversity and geographical distribution of authorships. Data was compiled from a

Transpersonal Psychology, Parapsychology, and Neurobiology: Clarifying Their Relations

Some important theoretical problems are identified, such as conventional assumptions about scientific naturalism and materialism that potentially undermine substantive advances in further understanding such phenomena through neurobiology.

Using Aikido and Transpersonal Psychology Concepts as Tools for Reconciling Conflict

Aikido is often presented as a martial art that reconciles conflict, rather than focuses merely on winning and losing. Its founder, Morihei Ueshiba (n.d., n.p.), is frequently quoted as stating:

The Cultural Rift Dividing Humanistic and Positive Psychology: The Future Possibilities of Reconciliation

SYNOPSISHumanistic Psychology is often misportrayed as dying or dead, a claim that is especially egregious when made by positive psychologists, who minimize their debt to, as well as co-opt a narrow



The Self-Expansiveness Level Form: A conceptualization and measurement of a transpersonal construct.

The development of adequate measures of transpersonal concepts is a major requirement if empirical work is to proceed in the field of transpersonal psychology. The development of such instruments

Psychology's reality debate: A "levels of reality" approach

For different reasons, some modern and postmodern psychologists are skeptical about the reality of psychological phenomena as irreducible, influential entities. Nonetheless, much psychological


Recent criticisms of transpersonai psychology resulting from the attempt to make the area an APA division have highlighted the need for a clear, precise, and current definition of transpersonal

Why some therapies don't work : the dangers of transpersonal psychology

Albert Ellis, one of the most controversial figures in modern psychology, stands in the distinguished company of such luminaries as Sigmund Freud and B.F. Skinner in his uncanny knack for arousing

The Eye of Spirit: An Integral Vision for a World Gone Slightly Mad

What would a truly integral culture look like, a culture that included body, mind, soul, and spirit? In this new and groundbreaking book, Ken Wilber uses his widely acknowledged "spectrum of


There have been several recent studies of the various definitions and the ways they have changed over the last quarter century (Lajoie & Shapiro, 1992; Lajoie, Shapiro & Roberts, 1991; Vich, 1992).

The Principles of Psychology

I.TO give readers some idea of the contents of a good book is very often the most useful thing a reviewer can do. Unfortunately that course is not open to us in the present instance. The subject is

Psychotherapy and Spirit: Theory and Practice in Transpersonal Psychotherapy

Find the secret to improve the quality of life by reading this psychotherapy and spirit theory and practice in transpersonal psychotherapy. This is a kind of book that you need now. Besides, it can

Realities and Relationships: Soundings in Social Construction

Preface From Individual Knowledge to Communal Construction The Impasse of Individual Knowledge Crisis in Representation and the Emergence of Social Construction Constructionism in Question Social

Toward a science of the heart: Romanticism and the revival of psychology.