Transparent and conductive electrodes based on unpatterned, thin metal films

  title={Transparent and conductive electrodes based on unpatterned, thin metal films},
  author={Brendan T O'Connor and Chelsea R. Haughn and Kwang Hyup An and Kevin P. Pipe and M. S. Shtein},
  journal={Applied Physics Letters},
Transparent electrodes composed of ultrathin, unpatterned metal films are investigated in planar heterojunction (PHJ) and bulk heterojunction organic photovoltaic (OPV) cells. Optimal electrode composition and thickness are deduced from electrical and optical models and experiments, enabling a PHJ-OPV cell to be realized using a silver anode, achieving power conversion efficiency parity with an analogous cell that uses an indium tin oxide anode. Beneficial aspects of smooth, unpatterned metal… Expand

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