Transoral approach to laser thyroarytenoid myoneurectomy for treatment of adductor spasmodic dysphonia: short-term results.


OBJECTIVES The surgical technique for the resection of the recurrent laryngeal nerve for adductor spasmodic dysphonia (ASD) has high late failure rates. During the past decade, botulinum toxin has emerged as the treatment of choice for ASD. Although effective, it also has significant disadvantages, including a temporary effect and an unpredictable dose… (More)