Transoceanic mortality: the slave trade in comparative perspective.

@article{Klein2001TransoceanicMT,
  title={Transoceanic mortality: the slave trade in comparative perspective.},
  author={Herbert S. Klein and Stanley L. Engerman and Robin F. Haines and Ralph Shlomowitz},
  journal={The William and Mary quarterly},
  year={2001},
  volume={58 1},
  pages={
          93-117
        }
}
EATH in the Middle Passage has long been at the center of the moral attack on slavery, and during the past two centuries estimates of the death rate and explanations of its magnitude have been repeatedly discussed and debated. For comparative purposes we draw on studies of mortality in other aspects of the movement of slaves from Africa to the Americas, as well as the experiences of passengers on other long-distance oceanic voyages.1 These comparisons will provide new interpretations as well as… 
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